'The Second World War was the most important turning point in the development of African American civil rights'

  • Created by: _bebro
  • Created on: 21-12-18 19:23
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  • 'The Second World War was the most important turning point in the development of African American civil rights'
    • Political
      • WW1 - Great Migration - 500K AA experienced liberal society and were able to vote
      • EmancipationProclamation - 15th Amendment - gave AA the right to vote
      • 1950s - campaigns resulted in the 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act, most effective CR legislation since Reconstruction
    • Social
      • WW2 - Dorie Miller - changed perceptions of AA and challenged segregation
      • WW2 - integration of naval units - challenged segregation
      • WW2 - Double V Campaign - galvanised the shift in the change in attitude towards segregation and discrimination
      • WW2 - Tuskegee Airmen - prompted desegregation, challenged perceptions of AA
      • WW2 - Executive Order 9981 1948 - desegregation of military challenged segregation
      • WW2 - Fair Employment Practices Committee 1941 ensured enforcement of legislation
      • WW2 - Fair Employment Act 1941 - improved position of AA in society
      • WW1 -  Harlem Hellfighters - challenged perceptions of AA and boosted demands for civil rights on return
      • EmancipationProclamation - gave AA full civil rights, ability to worship and educate
      • 1950s - Brown vs Topeka - overturned Plessy vs Ferguson, challenged segregation, change in attitude
      • 1950s - Little Rock - change in attitude, integration
      • 1950s - Montgomery Bus Boycott - resulted in Browder vs Gayle, desegregation of bus transport
    • Economic
      • WW1 - Harlem Renaissance - increased AA employment opportunities in entertainment industries
      • EmancipationProclaimation- gave AA the right to own property and land
      • New Deal - CCC - employed 200K AA
      • New Deal - WPA - employed 350K AA annually including 5K teachers
      • New Deal - no. of AA employed by federal government risen to 200K in 1945 from 50K in 1933
      • New Deal - Federal Council of ***** Affairs - promote interests of AA, by 1935 30% of AA benefitted from New Deal programmes

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