The Second Cold War - Afghanistan

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  • Why was Afghanistan important to the USSR?
    • Soviets were in danger of losing their strategic, ideological, political and economic influences in Europe.
      • thought that Amin was unreliable to control the growing Islamic opposition
    • shared a 2500km boarder
    • USSR needed to protect its own security
      • Afghanistan has to remain a buffer zone
    • if it aligned with USA it would strengthen their geostrategic power at the expense of the USSR
    • Brezhnev Doctrine
      • USSR now committed to supporting communist allies to ensure stability and conformity


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