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PART B NOTES
How did the Cold War develop between 1944 and 1953?
How did the legacy of the Second World War make a Cold War more likely?

WWII created a power vacuum in Europe ­ defeat of Nazi Germany left large areas of Europe
without any meaningful government.
The…

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Disagreement at Yalta: Poland. Communist government based in Lublin when the Soviets
liberated Poland from Germany, despite there being the Polish government in exile in London.
Stalin agreed to allow members of the London-based government into the new Lublin
administration and to uphold free elections.
Roosevelt died, new President Truman.…

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Causes: Germany and Berlin divided into 4 occupational zones agreed at Yalta and Potsdam. The
Western Zones benefitted from Marshall Aid. Living conditions in E.Germany remained low.
Difference between East and West living standards embarrassingly obviously especially in Berlin.
Established separate West German state in 1948, introduced a new currency…

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5) The red scare and McCarthyism
Hardening of the US foreign policy towards the threat of Soviet world domination was in part a
response to the vulnerability felt by Americans who feared the spread of communism.
Anti-communist feeling was high in 1950s. Wave of hysteria generated by fear that the…

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Why did the Cold War between the superpowers emerge in the
years to 1953?
How far was the USA responsible for the Cold War?

Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan marked a more strident stance against the USSR and led to
deterioration in relations that made negotiation and compromise with Stalin…

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Seeking to regain control of areas that had been part of the Tsarist empire under the Treaty of
Brest-Litovsk.
3) Defensive actions to create a buffer zone against attack from the West
John Lewis Gaddis, Post Revisionist.
Underlying motive of Stalin's foreign policy was defensive. Concerned to protect its' borders…

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Debate over who started the war.
Long term causes of tension in Korea: the country had been annexed by Japan in 1910 but when
Japan surrendered at the end of WWII, Korea was to be occupied by the military forces of the
USSR and the USA. 38th parallel was a…

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Strategic Defensive Initiative (1983) (SDI) was the development of anti-ballistic missile systems
in space. It was a system that would require vast sums of money and resources to develop and
in order for the ISSR to keep pace with this they would face bankruptcy.
Aim of this arms programme was…

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The USSR was worried this would encourage groups elsehere in the Soviet bloc and would
threaten their hold over E.Europe so put military along Polish borders. Jarwzelski (Polish leader)
declared martial law and used the army to settle the unrest. Soviets would have invaded otherwise
and caused greater bloodshed. Solidarity…

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Glasnost: a policy of openness that encouraged the population to put forward new ideas and
show initiative.
Democratisation: an attempt to get more people involved in the Communist Party and political
debate.
Result was a more critical approach towards communism and encouraged reforms to push for
further liberalism.
By 1988…

Comments

Ditsy Ninjaa

Thanks!

It's very clear and concise.

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