The Power of the Media

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  • The power of the media
    • OFCOM
      • Furthers the interests of media consumers
      • Protects consumers from any harmful content
      • Safeguards people from being unfairly treated on TV & radio programmes
      • Ensures a diversity of media across TV, radio & electronic communications within the UK
      • 2014 Survey
        • 96% of homes had digital TV
        • 93% of adults in the UK owned/used a mobile phone
    • Formal controls on the media
      • Libel
        • forbid publication of an untrue statement which may bring ridicule in society
      • Official Secrets Act
        • criminal offence to report without authorisation any activity the government deems to be an 'official secret'
      • Obscene publications act
        • forbids the publication of anything a court considers to be obscene & indecent
    • State Ownership
      • BBC is state owned - funded through license fees
        • the trust has a duty to ensure that the BBC represents the interests of the license payers
        • must compete with commercial broadcasters by attracting large enough audiences to justify the license fees
      • There are different types of state ownership around the world
        • in china the government directly control media content
    • Private/Independant Businesses
      • Companies owned by individuals, families, shareholders etc.
      • Murdoch owns news corporations, films, magazines, TV programmes etc.
      • owners have potential to choose what info audiences  receive
    • Governments influence the media
      • Official press conference
      • Leaks & off-the record briefings
        • journalists giving favourable exposure to gov will be given preferential treatment in future
      • Spin doctors
        • release info that show gov in a bad light when media is distracted by sensational story/holiday period
      • Refusual to issue broadcasting licenses to those deemed unsuitable
      • Refusual to allow the use of some computer software
        • Google withdrew from China as that government was hacking into Google
      • Electronic surveillance of emails, monitoring of websites & intercepts of phone calls
        • May restrict peoples willingness to communicate freely


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