The Pilgrimage of Grace

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  • The Pilgrimage of Grace
    • Causes
      • The Reformation
      • Monasteries closed down - hub of villages
      • Thomas Cromwell was disliked - he was the son of a blacksmith, not good enough for Henry
    • Events
      • Began 1st October 1536 in Louth
      • 2nd October: king's commissioner captured, forced to write list of grievances
      • 4th October: one of Bishop of Lincoln's men murdered, gentry joined revolt
      • Duke of Norfolk met Aske 27th October, pardon read aloud 7th December
      • January 1537: rumours Henry was strengthening his army - new revolt
      • 216 executed - 74 in their own gardens
        • Robert Aske hanged in chains 12th July, Lord Hussey beheaded in London
    • Important figures
      • Robert Aske: leader, merchant
      • John Hussey: leader, major landowner
      • Duke of Norfolk: one of Henry's advisers, met Aske
      • King Henry VIII: king at the time
      • Lord Darcy: forced to join rebels
    • Significance
      • Short term
        • Sealed fate of monasteries - all were closed soon
        • Landowners turned monastery land into big houses
        • Henry's income increased massively - began building Royal Navy
        • No more rebellions for Henry's reign - he had full control
      • Long term
        • Meant that reconciliation with the Pope was impossible - Protestantism completely secured
        • Land redistributed - most became owners of rotten boroughs
        • Led to Royal Navy being founded & success of British Empire
        • All Henry's actions were with Parliament's approval - reinforced idea that Parliament must pass laws

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