The Montgomery Bus Boycott

  • Created by: ciaral05
  • Created on: 30-12-20 11:48
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  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
    • causes of the boycott
      • long term causes
        • The women's political council in Montgomery had focused on bus discrimination since 1950.
        • The Montgomery bus company discriminated against black passengers by forcing them to sit at the back of the bus.
        • Requests to the bus company to change their rules were not listened to.
      • short term causes
        • On December 1st Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the 'black' area of a bus to a white man.
        • Police arrested and charged Rosa Parks under Montgomery's segregation laws.
    • Events of boycott (1955~1956)
      • on December 5th 1955 civil rights activists met to a boycott of the city's buses. They formed the Montgomery improvement association (MIA) They elected MLK as their chair man.
      • On December 8th 1955 the MIA met bus company officials, who refused to change the segregation on their buses. The MIA decided that they would Boycott so no black american would use the bus service.
      • The MIA organised car shares. The car shares started on December 12th and grew to involve 300 cars
      • The MIA also negotiated reduced taxi fairs with black drivers so the price of a taxi was the price of a standard bus fair.
      • As the boycotts continued, more people opposed.On January 30th 1956 MLK home was bombed. MLK responded by calling for


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