The Long Reformation; Reformed - Conclusion

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 23-05-18 16:49
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  • The Long Reformation; Reformed - Conclusion (according to Penny Roberts)
    • Reformed Churches were essential to survival and resilience of the Protestant movement in face of resurgent Catholicism
      • Calvin and Bullinger built on foundations laid by both Luther and Zwingli. Presented:
        • more coherent exposition of doctrine
        • more practical structure for survival of Church
        • sustenance of faithful even within a hostile environment
    • Reformed Churches were able to adapt successfully to different local and national circumstances in which they found themselves
      • Became dominant religious force in Dutch Republic, England, Scotland, Hungary and Bohemia
    • Although relations with secular authorities were often strained
      • Churches were able to develop independently in cooperation with state
      • Even where they failed, as in France, they managed to establish a substantial enough minority to acquire a degree of toleration and legitimacy within polity
        • At least up to 1685 and later when restored with Revolutionaries
    • According to Benedict
      • With Zurich and Geneva offering alternative models of how church and state fit together
        • tradition could appeal to rulers determined to exercise direct authority over sacred things and to ordinary believers in situations of persecution eager to establish properly reformed church that could function independently of state
    • Although far from sweeping all before them
      • Churches were able at least to halt erosion of first wave of Reform and to establish lasting legacy which would be exported to North America


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