Henry VII - Consolidation of Power

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  • The Consolidation of the Tudor Dynasty
    • Problems with Henry VII's claim to the throne
      • He was descended through a female line
        • Represented by his mother Margaret Beaufort
      • He was descended from John Beaufort
        • As John Beaufort was born before John of Gaunts marriage to his third wife he was illegitimate
    • Henry VII's primary goals
      • Keep the throne
      • Establish a dynasty
      • Consolidate his power
    • How did Henry VII consolidate his power
      • He dated his reign from the 21st August 1485
        • Meaning everyone who fought against him at Bosworth was considered a traitor
      • Publicly rewarded key supporters, giving 11 knighthoods
      • Detained Elizabeth of York, the Eark if Warwick and Edward IV's nephew
      • Appointed Sir Reginald Bray ans Chancellor of the Duchy and Sir William Stanley as Lord Chamberlain
      • Arranged his coronation on the 30th October 1485
        • Before the meeting of hist first parliament, 7th November 1485, and his marriage to Elizabeth of York, January 1486
          • Meaning people couldn't claim he was only King because someone else had given him the position
          • The marriage also lead to the creation of the Tudor Rose which was often used as a peace of propaganda by Henry
      • Parliament passed Act of Attainder against Yorkists and gave Henry Tonnage and Poundage for life
    • Early Rebellions
      • Viscount Lovell and the Stafford's (1486)
        • Support
          • Lovell tried rallying support in Yorkshire
          • Stafford tried to rally suppot in a Yorkist area of the Midlands
          • The lack of support for his rebellion was its ultimate downfall
        • Outcome
          • Lovell escaped Henry VII's forces
          • Stafford was captured and executed
        • Leadership
          • Francis, Viscount Lovell and Humphrey Stafford
      • Limber Simnel and the rebellion of the Earl of Lincoln (1487)
        • Leadership
          • Limbert Simnel provided Yorkists with a figure head to back by pretending to be the Earl of Warwick
          • Richard Symonds was the main driving force driving the plot as Simnel himself was 10 years old
          • John De La Pole and the Earl of Lincoln were also key in the plot to overthrow Henry
        • Support
          • Margaret of Burgundy paid for an army of mercenaries to invade England
        • Outcome
          • The Earl of Lincoln was killed in battle
          • Richard Symonds was arrested and sentenced to life in a Bishops prison
          • Simnel was given a position in the King's kitchen and then later given the post of king’s falconer
          • 28 of the nobles who had supported Simnel were attained and had their estates confiscated

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