The Cold War 

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  • The Cold War
    • Ideologies
      • USA
        • RICHEST country in the world
        • Speech and Belief: FREEDOM
        • CAPITALISM
          • Believed communism was evil
            • COMMUNISM
        • Led by TRUMAN
      • USSR
        • BIGGEST country in the world
        • Led by a DICTATOR
        • Censorship, Propaganda: STATE CONTROL
        • COMMUNISM
        • Led by STALIN
    • The Conferences
      • Yalta
        • February 1945
        • Split Germany into 4 zones
        • to allow free elections in Eastern European countries
        • Russia promised to join the war against Japan when Germany was defeated
      • Potsdam
        • July 1945
        • Roosevelt had died and Churchill had lost the 1945 election
        • Truman came away angry about the size of reparations
        • Truman did not tell Stalin that he had the atomic bomb.
    • The Berlin Blockade and Airlift
      • In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country, West Germany.
      • The next day, Stalin cut off all rail and road links to west Berlin
      • The Berlin Blockade lasted 318 days
      • During this time, 275,000 planes transported 1.5 million tons of supplies
      • On 12 May 1949, Stalin abandoned the blockade.
    • The Hungarian Revolution
      • The death of Stalin led many Hungarians to hope that Hungary also would be 'de-Stalinised'.
      • During October 1956, students, workers and soldiers in Hungary attacked the AVH
      • On 24 October 1956 Imre Nagy - a moderate and a westerniser - took over as prime minister
      • Nagy asked Khrushchev to move the Russian troops out
      • For five days, there was freedom in Hungary
      • on 3 November 1956, Nagy announced that Hungary was going to leave the Warsaw Pact
    • The Berlin Wall
      • Khrushchev demanded that the USleave West Berlin within six months
      • Kennedy refused and instead guaranteed West Berlin's freedom.
      • Khrushchev closed the border between East and West Berlin and started building the Berlin Wall
    • The Cuban Missile Crisis
      • he decided on a naval blockade
      • Khrushchev warned that Russia would see the blockade as an act of war
      • US bombers were put in the air carrying nuclear bombs; preparations were made to invade Cuba
      • the Americans suggested a trade-off of missile bases - US bases in Turkey for Russian bases in Cuba.
      • Khrushchev sent a telegram offering to dismantle the Cuban bases
    • The Prague Spring
      • during 1967, students and writers were complaining about the lack of freedom
      • Asked the soviet Leadrer for help, he did not support
      • Dubcek's government announced an Action Plan for what it called a new model of socialism
      • then the revolution began to run out of control
      • Dubcek stressed that Czechoslovakia would stay in the Warsaw Pact
      • He announced the Brezhnev Doctrine - the USSR would not allow any Eastern European country to reject Communism.
      • 500,000 Warsaw Pact troops invaded Czechoslovakia. Dubcek and three other leaders were arrested and sent to Moscow.
      • they stood in front of the tanks, and put flowers in the soldiers' hair. Jan Palach burned himself to death in protest.


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