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  • Corruption
    • Local and national levels: the law, government, police and militia
      • militia: local citizens called together and granted arms to deal with a crisis
      • Secret police: controlled lives
      • Did everything for their own convenience
    • The Bureaucracy
      • Peter I
        • Largest attempted reform
        • 18th century - modernise Russia
          • establish full-scale civil service
            • maintain central government control
      • Nepotism
        • A system in which positions are gained through  family connections rather than on merit


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