Subject and Genre Theme

A mindmap breaking down the genres of art for the theme Subject and Genre. 

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  • Created by: Elsa
  • Created on: 04-03-13 17:23
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  • Subject and Genre
    • History Painting
      • The highest painting genre
      • "Istoria" (Italian word) meaning narrative or story
        • Leon Battista Alberti - along with a noble, exemplary deeds and struggles of moral figures.
        • Normally saints or other Biblical figures, pagan divinities, mythological heroes, and those in historical events
      • Typically involves several figures in action and emotionally engaged.
      • Aims to elevate the morals of the whole community
      • Ideally suited to decorate public places
      • The genre is inspirational and educational, best portrayed on a larger-than-life canvas
    • Portrait painting
      • Can be a sculpture, painting, photograph or any other representationof a person
      • The face is the main theme
      • Could depict the person as head-and-shoulders, half-length or full-body
      • Could be a traditional portrait of an individual, a group, or a self-portrait.
      • The aim is to depict the character and the unique attributes of the subject
      • The Old Masters of the Renaissance were exponents of portraiture
        • These include; Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, Jan van Eyck and Albert Durer
        • Later ones include; Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt, Anthony Van Dyck, Velazquez and Thomas Gainsborough.
      • Modern painters include; Paul Cezanne, Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Gaugin, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Lucien Freud
    • Genre Painting
      • Also called "genre scenes" or "genre views
      • Depicts situations and scenes of everyday life
      • Typically includes; domestic settings, interiors, mealtimes, celebrations, tavern or peasant scenes, markets and other street scenes.
      • Presented in a non-idealized way
      • The greatest were from the Dutch Realist School, lead by Jan Vermeer
    • Landscape Painting
      • Any painting or drawing whole "principal subject" is the portrayal of a scenic view
      • Depicts real places or it may be an imaginary or idealized scene
      • The greatest landscapes were executed in the late eighteenth and nineteenth century
      • Most landscapes did not appears until after the 16th century (Italian Renaissance)
      • Ranked very low on the academic hierarchy of the genres
    • Still LIfe Painting
      • An arrangement of objects
        • Traditionally flowers or kitchen utensils
      • It was much practised in the ancient world
      • Favoured in the North of Europe
        • Mainly in Holland and Flanders
        • Due to the effects of the North European Reformation
          • This led to the decline in religious painting among Protestant nations
      • Contemporary still life may include objects such as beer cans to urinals


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