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  • Giambologna
    • Key Works
      • The Fountain of Neptune at Bologna (1563–66)
        • Emulates Michelangelo’s Victory
      • The equestrian monument of Cosimo I 1594
        • Neoplatonism
          • "Man is the measure of all things"- Protagorus
          • Medicis believed God directly gave them power
        • Shows exaggerated contraposto in many sculptures
      • The **** of the Sabine Women 1579–83
        • Composition designed so that it can be viewed from any side with equal effect
        • Sense of action and movement in his work
    • How nature is implicit in their work and process
      • Garden sculptor for the Boboli Gardens, Florence and for the Medici villas.
      • Study of nature led to curiosity and Humanism
        • "On the Dignity of man"-Mirandolas treastise
    • Contextual factors
      • Charles Avery: "His lack of concern with specific subject matter or deep emotional expression . . . left him free to concentrate on the technical aspect, extending his virtuosity to the limits of the materials with which he worked."
      • Giambologna,(born 1529, Douai, Spanish Netherlands)- died Aug. 13, 1608, Florene Manneristand sculptor in Italy during the last quarter of the 16th century.
      • Paved way for Baroque art.
    • Key characteristics
      • Serpentine axis and flame like contour
      • Inspired by Michelangelo
      • Uses wax  for modeling, creates skilled casting


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