Soufriere Hills, Montserrat Case Study

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  • Created by: Liv
  • Created on: 09-04-15 16:13
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  • Soufriere Hills, Montserrat Case Study
    • Information
      • 25th June 1997
      • 19 people killed
      • Atlantic Plate was sub-ducted under the Caribbean Plate.
    • Causes
      • Montserrat is above a destructive plate margin; Atlantic plate sub-ducted under the Caribbean
      • Magma rose up through weak points under the volcano, forming an underground pool of magma
      • The rock above the pool collapsed, opening a vent and causing the erruption
    • Impacts
      • Primary
        • Large areas covered with volcanic ash
        • Plymouth (capital) was buried
        • 20 + villages destroyed
        • Schools, hospitals, airport, the port all destroyed
        • 19 people died, 7 injured
      • Secondary
        • Fires destroyed many buildings (police headquarters and petrol station)
        • Tourists stayed away- economy disrupted, businesses destroyed
        • Population decline- 8000 of the islands 12000 have left.
        • Volcanic ash has improved soil fertility.
        • Tourism is now increasing- people go to see the volcano.
    • Responses
      • Immediate
        • People evacuated from the south to safer areas
          • Shelters were built for the evacuees.
        • Temporary infrastructure was built e.g roads, electricity supplies.
        • The UK provided £17million of emergency aid
        • Local emergency services provided support to search and rescue survivors.
      • Long Term
        • A risk map was created and exclusion zones- South of the island off limits whilst volcano is active.
        • The UK has provided £41million to develop the North of the island.
          • New Docks
          • Airport has been built
          • Houses have been built
        • The Montserrat Volcano Observatory has been set up try and predict future eruptions- that will decrease the detrimental effects


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