Social Change in the DDR - Germany

  • Created by: RConwa_y
  • Created on: 22-05-18 11:23
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  • Social Change in the DDR
    • Peasants
      • Gained land, but were later forced to join a collective
      • Farmers given better machinery
      • Increase in educational opportunities (especially Higher Education)
    • Factory Workers
      • Workers were given more higher education opportunities
      • Promotion was available to loyal party members. They were given the opportunity to manage factories
    • Women
      • Many became doctors
      • Increases support, with the provision of maternity care. Schools and after-school facilities allow women to work part-time
    • Mass organisations
      • Free German Trade Union League (FDGB) - established for workers. The SED controlled the policies
      • Democratic Women's League of Germany - mass organisation of women
      • League of Culture - intellectuals who wanted an ant0fascist state supported this
      • Society for Sports and Technology - organised sporting opportunities and prepared for war
      • German-Soviet Frienship Society - attempted to improve rlations with Russia and reiforced the idea that Germany had been liberated by Russia
    • Youth education
      • The youth represented the future and needed to be won over by communism. Schools became "polytechnic" schools
      • The SED controlled youth organisations. Scholarships were available for the disadvantaged and university was opened up to all
      • The professional and aristocratic classes were often discriminated against. Many left to study in the West
    • Youth opposition
      • Not all were won over by the state. There was some support for Western Culture (particularly rock-and-roll music. The states response varied from clampdown to tolerance
    • Religion and the Churches
      • East German society was religious. There were 15 mil Protestants and 1 mil Catholics. The SED wanted to destroy religon
      • The Church avoided the changed brought in by the SED
        • Church land was not seized
        • Ministers were not de-Nazified or removed
        • Churches ran their own internal affairs
      • In 1946 with the Law for the Democratisation of German Schools, religious education was removed from the curriculum
      • In 1952-53, there was a state campaign against Junge Gemeinde, the Protestant Youth Groups. Members couldn't go to school or university as a consequence. The campaign ended in June 1953
    • Jugendweihe
      • The Youth Dedication Dervice was imposed on the youth in 1954. It involved a commitment to Marxism
      • Churches had to make changes


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