Russia in Revolution - The cause of the 1905 Revoltion

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  • Created by: liv
  • Created on: 01-01-13 21:42
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  • Russia in Revolution
    • Russification
      • religious persecution
        • Orthadox faith superior. Other religions discriminated against
          • e.g employment
      • Anti - Semitism
        • The 'Pograms' or attacks on Jews during 1880s
        • In 1892, 20,000 jews were forced to leave Moscow
      • Russian made the official language of the Empire in 1955
      • Alienated a huge percentage of the population (ethnic minorities)
    • Repression
      • censorship
        • censorship on foreign books + newspapers
        • 14 popular newspapers closed down
      • education
        • Universities
          • Fees increased so university was for the elites
          • Under government control to prevent a spread of liberal ideas
        • Primary schools under church control to influence children from an early age
      • Statue of State Security 1881
        • arrested and exiled all political opposition
      • Okhrana
        • Suppressed all political opposition
      • Justice System
        • Introduction of Land Captains
        • The government could choose the jury on court cases and therefore control the outcome
    • Social and economic
      • Peasant unrest
        • Witte's increased taxes
        • growing population led to land shortages
        • Redemption payments
      • 1887 Vyshnegradsky reforms
        • Heavy industry e.g railway, iron, steal + coal
        • funded by grain export
          • contributed to famine
      • industrialisation
        • increased middle class
          • moved from the country to the city
            • allowed for the spread of liberal ideas
          • group of successful professional business men
            • wanted a political voice
              • driving force behind change
        • increased working class
          • long hours, low pay, terrible working + living conditions, no unions
            • mass population of unhappy peasants living together
              • spread of liberal ideas
    • increasing political opposition
      • social revolutionaries
        • Right SRs
          • wanted a revolution through the peasants
            • spread out and illiterate
        • Left SRs
          • terrorist wing who assassinated leading government officials
        • divided
      • liberal ideas
        • political parties banned
        • Zemstva Act 1904
      • Social democrats - Marxist
        • Mensheviks
          • Wanted a large group cooperating with the workers
        • Bolsheviks
          • under Lenin
          • Small group of professionals
          • many exiled before 1905
        • believed in capitalism before revolution
    • Short term
      • Social + econimic
        • hundreds of thousands lost jobs
          • strikes
        • poor harvests 1900 + 1902
        • world depression meant there was no longer foreign investment
      • Russo Japanese War
        • worsened social + economic problems
          • Social + econimic
            • hundreds of thousands lost jobs
              • strikes
            • poor harvests 1900 + 1902
            • world depression meant there was no longer foreign investment
          • inflation
          • food and fuel shortages
          • higher taxes
        • Untitled
      • Bloody Sunday
        • ruined Tsar's reputation as 'little father'
        • protest about social + economic issues

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