Realism

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  • Created by: tlm2015
  • Created on: 14-06-15 14:15
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  • leads to Decreased SC
    • Police focus on serious crime
    • Net effect: Respectable people move out - Crime worsens
      • Links w/ Ecology Theory
    • Disorder occurs b/c decreased sense of community
  • EVALUATION
    • Ignores crimes of Powerful
    • Advocates social Maintainence at the expense of Justice
    • Wilson and Kelling (82)
      • BROKEN WINDOWS
        • Caused by 'Incivilities'
          • EG vandalism/ Graffiti
          • Usually kept in check by react of others
            • If not contained, are deteriorates
              • Anything goes Mentality
                • EG Broken Windows
                  • 1 not repaired = more broken
                    • Eventually no one cares
      • Explanation
        • Disorder occurs b/c decreased sense of community
      • SOLOUTION
        • Police tackle enviro decline immediately
          • Take part in 'Order Maintenance'
            • Crush Incivilities = Create diff views on accepted behavior
        • No Council housing above 3 floors
          • Enviro Decline worse in tower blocks
        • Zero Tolerance approach to all crimes
  • Eye for an Eye
    • Incarceration = Incapaciatition
    • Retributive Justice
      • EG ASBO
      • Evaluation
        • GARLAND
          • Undermined by fact that 60% imprisoned = reoffend
        • Braithwaithe
          • Reintergrative Shaming
            • Neg labels individ
              • Acquire Master Status
                • Rejection and Harder to intergreate back into soc
                  • Imp b/c: Increases risk of re-offending
                • Eg Convict

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