Religious attitudes to matter of life (medical ethics)

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  • Religious attitudes to matter of life (medical ethics)
    • Ethical issues and religious attitudes
      • All religions-Sanctity of life
        • throwing away embryo's = disrespecting potential life
          • Buddhist attitude-life begins from conception
        • Christianity- 'Go forth and multiply'
          • Jewish beleif (Genesis)
            • Potential social issue when child learns how it came to exist
      • Buddhist-to offer fert. treatment = compassion / infertility = karma from previous life
        • Hindus believe in karma & starting a family is important
        • several stories of women being 'helped' when obviously infertile in the Tenakh, such as 2 Kings
    • Science starting life
      • Artificial insemnation by donor
        • low success rate
          • Artificial insemnation by husband
      • Artificial insemnation by husband
      • Maternal/Paternal urge
      • Cloning isn't seen as creating souls (Hindu's believe souls migrate into bodies)
        • Muslims believe cloning is playing God (Blasphemy)
    • Religious attitudes to fertility treatment
      • throwing away embryo's = disrespecting potential life
        • Buddhist attitude-life begins from conception
      • Rom. Catholic- 'Infertility=call from God to adopt'
        • hould be conceived within marriage or it's adultery (Exodus)
          • Muslim's believe  'Allah gives life to who he chooses'
            • Sikh- 'May you have seven sons' (a traditional wedding blessing)
              • Christianity- 'Go forth and multiply'
                • Jewish beleif (Genesis)
                  • Potential social issue when child learns how it came to exist
          • Sikh - adultery - one of their 4 abstinences
            • Muslim's believe  'Allah gives life to who he chooses'
              • Sikh- 'May you have seven sons' (a traditional wedding blessing)
        • Accepted by Hindu's
      • The medicine
        • Embryo Research Act - 2001
          • Embryos must be destroyed within 14 days before they develop too much
            • Respect to embryo & people in need of cures
          • -infertility, diseases, contraception, miscarriage
            • stem cells are used to grow & repair organs, like kidneys & brain (Parkinson's)
              • Respect to embryo & people in need of cures
        • Genetic Engineering- Genetic diseases
        • Cloning-asexual reproduction
          • Taking God's place
      • Transplants and transfusions
        • Jehovah's Witnesses- blood sacred gift god life in blood
        • Zeno transplantation-genetically modified transplant from and animal
        • The Buddha gave up his life many times  (He offered him self as food for a lioness and her cubs)
          • The Bodhisattva vow-to help all who need help
            • Accept embryology cautiously (harms embryo?)
          • Jesus helped others 'Love one another' Life is sacred
            • Pope Benedict XVI agreed to donate organs after death 'free act of good will'
        • Muslim law prohibits mutilation of body
        • Sikh's believe the body is waste after death & agree with transplantation
      • Religions and maintaining life
        • God gave us Stewardship + dominion ship over creation
          • God must permit science & medicine
    • Buddhist-to offer fert. treatment = compassion / infertility = karma from previous life
      • Hindus believe in karma & starting a family is important
      • several stories of women being 'helped' when obviously infertile in the Tenakh, such as 2 Kings

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