Religious and spiritual experience

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  • Created by: 11pyoung
  • Created on: 03-04-16 16:45
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  • Religious and spiritual experience
    • Private worship
      • Types of private worship
        • Some people pray and want to spend time talking to God
        • Some people meditate and listen to their spiritual feelings
        • Some belong to house groups which are small local groups that meet locally for friendship, Bible study and prayer
        • Some people read the Bible with the help of a study book to enable them to better understand the Bible and their faith.
    • Public worship
      • Most Christians attend religious services to worship God with others
      • The Eucharist is common to most Christians and even those who generally worship with a service of the Word will generally celebrate it from time to time.
        • This service symbolises the Last Supper which Jesus ate with his disciples
      • For many Christians the celebration of the Eucharist and receiving Holy Communion is at the centre of their worship
        • It is a sacrament- a special way of receiving grace
      • Another form of Christian worship is called charismatic and can be found across all Christian denominations.
        • People try to open themselves up to the Holy Spirit and be inspired by it.
        • Charismatic worship often involves 'glossolalia' or speaking in tongues.
      • Worship may also include actions such as charity work, pilgrimages or singing, praying and thanking God
      • Key texts
        • Acts 1- The coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost
        • 1 Corinthians- St Paul's account of the Last Supper
    • Prayer and meditation
      • 4 main types of prayer
        • Adoration
        • Confession
        • Thanksgiving
        • Supplication
      • One of the commonest forms of prayer, particularly in the Roman Catholic Church, is the use of the Rosary
        • During the recitation of the rosary people reflect on one of the four sets of mysteries
          • Joyful Mysteries
          • Sorrowful Mysteries
          • Glorious Mysteries
            • Each of these events are based on events in the life of Jesus and the Virgin Mary
              • Sorrowful Mysteries
              • Joyful Mysteries
              • Luminous Mysteries
          • Luminous Mysteries
      • Sometimes Christians meditate; they sit quietly and try to empty their minds of ordinary thought to listen to their spiritual feelings
      • Key texts
        • Hail Mary- a prayer which praises the Virgin Mary and asks for her help
        • Lord's Prayer- the prayer which Jesus taught his disciples
    • Art and music in worship
      • There are different ways in which belief in God can be expressed:
        • Art
        • Religious buildings
        • Music
        • Religious ceremonies in which people worship
      • From the earliest times mosaics showing Christ in majesty in heaven, were used in churches
      • For centuries, when the bible was not read in  a language that most people could understand, messages were conveyed visually
        • Stained glass windows
      • In orthodox churches there are many icons of the saints and Jesus
        • These are seen as bridges between the worshipper and the religious figure
      • Some churches , have Stations of the Cross around the  walls
        • These recall Jesus' life
      • Since earliest days of Christian worship, Hymns of praise have been sung
      • Pentecostal worship may include song sung using a whiteboard screen and accompanied by modern instruments
      • Gospel music has become a popular way of expressing belief
      • Key text
        • Exodus 20- 'Do not make graven images'
    • Symbolism in worship
      • Alpha  and Omega
        • The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet
          • Jesus is the beginning and end of all things
      • A fish
        • The initials of the phrase 'Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour' make up the Greek word for fish
      • A dove
        • Symbol of peace, or the Holy Spirit
      • Chi-rho
        • The first two letters of Jesus' name in Greek
      • The cross
        • The most common Christian symbol
      • The crucifix
        • A cross with a figure of Jesus on it
      • Candles
        • To represent Jesus as the Light of the World
    • Food and fasting
      • Some Christians eat certain foods at certain times
        • Not eating meat on a Friday
      • Traditional foods are eaten at certain festivals
        • Hot-cross buns on Good Friday
        • Panckes on Shrove Tuesday
      • Some  food is symbolic
        • Eggs at Easter represent new life
      • Many Christians celebrate harvest festival in the Autumn
        • God is thanked for  the successful gathering in of the harvest
      • Christians fast during Lent
        • They give up luxuries or take up something such as regular prayer or volunteering
      • It was usual for Roman Catholic to fast for twelve hours before Communion
        • This has now been reduced to one hour
      • Key text
        • Luke 4- Jesus' temptation in the desert

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