Religious expression in society

What is materialism?
The belief in the importance of personal possessions.
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What is spirituality?
A sense of something which i not material or temporal, usually to do with religion.
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Why do some people reject materialism?
They believe that it cannot bring you permanent happiness.
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Why do they lead more spiritual lives?
To answer spiritual and religious questions.
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What is a spiritual truth?
What a believer claims to be true about the existance of God, the origin of the universe and the purpose of life.
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What evidence supports religious truths?
Religious authority, sacred writings, their conscience, religious experience, the history of a religion, scientific theory, art/music/literature
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How is spirituality expressed?
May be through an act of worship or may be through the way they live their daily lives, or through music/art which can help convey emotions.
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What is religious art?
Art which tries to express a spiritual message.
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What is a religious theme?
Conveys a religious message or teaching.
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Why may art be produced by a religious person?
The artist may want to express or share their religious beliefs. EG Buddhist artists produce Thangkas.
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Why may a religious community pay for a piece of art to be produced?
They may want to share or express their beliefs. They may believe they are showing commitment tot a religion.
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What is inspiration?
Something which stimulates or has a beneficial effect on the senses.
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What is revelation?
God reveals himself through special or general revelation.
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What is devotion?
Dedication to something.
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What is the impact of religious art?
To make people think about God. To convey a religious teaching. To aid worship. To express a religious belief about the meaning of life. To help people understand religious truths.
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What are icons?
Pictures usually painted on wood. They show the full face of an important religious figure.
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What do icons do?
Remind worshippers that it is through these Holy people that they can be guided to God.
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How are religious paintings used?
They represent or remind on an aspect of the faith's teaching or an important holy person.
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Where and why is stained glass used?
It is usually in the windows of Christian or Jewish places of worship and conveys religious stories/scriptures or may commemorate a religious person.
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How do religions use art?
An act of devotion. A teaching aid. An aid to prayer. A way of making others aware of a religion.
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How can art be a teaching aid?
For people who are illiterate, art can show them aspects from scriptures and teachings.
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Why may people use graffiti to show religious messages?
To express their love for God and convey their faith.
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How do Christianity and Buddhism use their art in worship?
Both religions allow humans and animals to be depicted. The main use of art is to direct worshippers to the central beliefs of the faith.
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How is religious art used in private worship?
Art may help individuals feel closer to God and able to communicate to him directly/feel closer to reaching Enlightenment.
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What is the intended impact of religious art?
To make people think about God or religious truth.
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What is the impact of religious art on non believers?
May see the conflicts as to what is allowed in different pieces of art as proof that God doesnt exist. Scary pictures may put people off converting to a religion. It may make people aware of a religion.
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How can art be blasphemous?
It may shock a believer and cause offence. In some cases believers have protested.
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What does religious art tell us about belief?
They display scriptures and show how beliefs can be put into practise.
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What is religious arts' place in the modern world?
It is an effective way of expressing a spiritual message but doesnt need to reflect teachings always as beautiful paintings could evoke spirituality. Atheists believe there is no place for religious art as the world has become secular.
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What is architecture?
A designed structure.
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What is a symbol?
A shape or sign used to represent something.
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What needs to be taken into account when designing a religious piece of architecture?
Fashion. Spirituality. Use of building. Function. Budget. Location. Culture.
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Why may an individual commission the building of a place of worship?
To express spirituality and something of spiritual importance.
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What are peoples' responses to the design of a place of worship?
Responses may be spiritual not religious and may trigger emotions such as joy, awe or sadness.
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What deeper emotions may an place of worship trigger?
It may make people feel as though there is a deeper meaning to life and that there is a power greater than themselves.
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What is religious architecture?
Refers to buildings that express both religious and spiritual messages.
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What might a religious building look like?
It could be large and ornate or small and simple.
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Religious building can be used for both...
Public and private use.
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Why does a religious building need to vary between religions?
So that it suits the beliefs and needs of worship.
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What may the building include?
Areas of peace, calm and simplicity, while also including areas for group and public worship.
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What are the impacts of religious architecture?
To remind people there's and afterlife. To express a religious belief. To help people understand religious truths. To aid worship. To produce a feeling of awe.
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How are religious buildings inspiring?
Inspire people to think of God. Religious beliefs may inspire people to construct a place of worship. architects belifs may inspire building. An earlier religious event could inspire construction.
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How can the building of a place of worship be because of revelation?
People may have had a religious experience and been told to construct a building (Lourdes) Stunning buildings may be to convert people to a religion. Reveal something about the religion in the buildings' design.
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Why might a place of worship be built because of devotion?
The construction of the building is an act of devotion to God. The time, care and money spent demonstrates the importance of beliefs to a religion. Buildings may be places of devotion where prayer and meditation occur.
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What must be taken into account when building a public place of worship?
That is fo specific acts of religious praise. Architecture will vary according to beliefs. Certain features will need to be incorporated.
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In Buddhism what types of places of worship are there?
Temple, stupa, shrine
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In Christianity what types of places of worship are there?
Chapel, church, cathedral
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What appear on the external features of a place of worship?
The name of the building and symbols from the religion.
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What appear on the internal features of a place of worship?
Appropriate objects for religious purposes EG font
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Where may you find shrines?
They may be built where something important happened. Where there is a tomb. Thy may be found within a religious building.
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What are the features of a gravestone?
The name and dates of birth and death are engraved. The design is often linked to the religion or religious symbol is included. Gravestones are elaborate to honor the dead.
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What is an edifices?
A large, imposing building which is dedicated to a person.
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What is a monument?
A large building and statue set up in commemoration of somebody.
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In Buddhism why is the statue of the Buddha placed higher than the worshippers?
In honor and to show that he is fully enlightened.
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What are the links between religious architecture and God?
It helps to show people the importance of God to a religion. The spire points towards heaven. The beauty of a building stresses Gods majesty. Large place of worship stresses the vastness of God. Dome suggests that God is everywhere.
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What shape is a Christian place of worship built in.
A cross- Jesus dies for our sins/was resurrected.
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What is the symbolism on a stupa?
It is built in the order of the 5 elements.
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What is the link between religious architecture and the architect?
The design may have been a brief from the a client or the architect may have been inspired by own religious/spiritual beliefs.
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What is the symbolism in an orthodox church?
The dome represents heaven, the church is circular to represent Gods eternity, built on shape of cross.
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How is religious architecture relevant in the modern world?
Used for community meetings, social gatherings, rites of passage (marriage, funerals) leisure clubs (dance, drama) educational activities, youth clubs/playgroups (brownies or scouts)
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What is religious literature?
Written material with spiritual or religious connotations.
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What counts as religious literature?
Holy books, non-fiction writings about the Holy books, fiction with religious theme, drama with religious theme, religious poetry.
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Whats the difference between believers and fundamentalists?
Believers dont see holy books as the word of God and take a non-literal view, fundamentalists see Holy books as the direct word of God and see it as the literal truth.
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Why isnt the Tripitaka not given divine authority?
Because Buddhists dont believe in God.
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What is the Tripitaka?
A collection of texts divided into -the word of the Buddha (Sutta) -rules of discipline for monastic life (vinaya) -commentaries on teachings (abhidhamma)
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What is the Dharma?
A Buddhist holy book which contains teaching of the Buddha about universal truth and universal law.
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How many books are there in The Bible?
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What other sources of knowledge about God are there apart from The Bible?
Oral tradition which is passed down generations.
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What is the Apocrypha?
A collection of books cotaining mooral and uplifting stories. Catholics count it as a book in The Bible but other Christians dont put it in The Bible.
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What does 'religious fiction is an allegory' mean?
A fictional story in which characters and events represent figures and events associated with a particular religion.
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How can literature help believers?
By communicating religion indirectly, fiction can help believers reinforce their beliefs.
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How can poetry help believes?
They can express their beliefs and love for God.The writers are influenced by their beliefs.
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How is religious literature used in public worship?
It is used to support public worship to teach the religions message. This can be through Holy books or through pieces of drama EG The Nativity
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What is the impact of religious literature on believers?
Holy books and teachings provide additional support and also explain the religious texts to bring greater understanding. Thy may also be inspirational.
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What is the impact of religious literature on non-believers?
People may be converted by certain texts that are spiritual and powerful. However it may convince atheists that they are right to reject the existence of God as all texts are contradicting.
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In religious texts why is symbolism used?
It is used to make understanding of the stories easier for the believer.
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What is the place for religious literature in the modern world?
It intends to help believers further their understanding of their faith through more simplistic and a variety of texts. However literatutre has less influence on non-believers as they are not exposed to it, but it can be inspiring for them even so.
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What are the benefits of expressing faith openly?
Its easier to practice a religion. Educates others on a variety of religions.People can be proud of their faith.
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What are the negatives of expressing faith openly?
It could cause and attract violence. People could be offended by other beliefs. Can greatly affect a society's way of life.
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What are the benefits of living in a religious community?
Youre around people with the same beliefs. Its easier to live by certain regulations (less distractions) You can expand your knowledge of a faith. people can help to empathise with religious problems.
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What is a monastry?
Where nuns and monks live.
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What is a faith commune?
An area run on the principals of a certain religion.
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What are the benefits of living in a spiritual community?
You can express spirituality through religious observances. There is a priest or leader to help guide. You can express spirituality individually. You can help others through charity work.
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What is involved with being a member of a faith?
You must commit to certain religious observances. You must apply beliefs to everyday life.
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Give some examples of religious observances:
Visiting place of worship. Worshipping from home. Learn from holy books. Fasting. Pilgrimage. Obey laws. Follow teachings. Mission work. Help in society.
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How do many religious people choose to dress?
Religious leaders tend to have a traditional outfit while followers dress modestly.
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Give three items of religious clothing:
Burqa. Clerical collar. Buddhist monks wear orange or red robes.
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Give four religious symbols:
Cross. Crucifix. Star of David. Hindu Swastika.
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Give four types of Buddhist worship:
Meditation. Making offerings. Monks may say mantras. Monks may offer teachings from the Dharma.
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Give four types of Christian liturgical worship:
Prayers. Readings. Hymns. Giving of communion.
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What is involved with non-liturgical Christian worship?
Does include prayers, hymns, readings and sermons too. May not have a set leader. Dancing and music.
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What are the benefits of individual worship?
You can focus on meditation and praise. Its is a personal way to connect with God (confess, give thanks) It has a calming affect. Educational.
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What are the benefits of community worship?
There is support. Make friends/social. Takes place in an inspiring building. You can learn more with others.
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How does worship affect society?
Some people, believers and non-believers, dont attend places of worship but pray at home. In times of great need people are more likely to go to church. Places of worship are always open which is comforting.
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What is religions impact on scociety?
Volunteers and missionaries can help the needy while believers generally live a kind life. Different faiths shape and add flavour to society.
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Give six forms of media:
TV. Internet. Magazine. Radio. Newspapers. Books.
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Regarding faith, what can the internet do?
Gets the message across to many people. Educates people on a faith. Gets in touch with people of same faith (social networks) Expands peoples knowledge on a faith. Can show culture.
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Regarding faith, what can the television do?
Educates people on the history & beliefs of a faith. Some programmes may put faiths in a bad light (Family Guy) Some appear as boring to younger generations (Songs of Praise) May scare people into joining a faith/scare them from converting
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What do broadsheet newspapers advertise?
Current affairs.
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What do tabloid newspapers advertise?
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What is censorship?
Cutting out something which people may find offensive.
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What is blasphemy?
Something which could cause conflict between religious teachings and national law.
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What does the watershed help ensure?
Younger people are less likely to see inappropriate shows.
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What are secular programmes?
Shows which can make denigrating comments even though people may find them offensive.
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What does terrestrial television do?
Controls the amount of time religious programmes take up. A faith cant promote itself. A faith can denigrate another. They allow mainly religious documentaries.
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How has the media linked science and religion?
It tries to use scientific theories to prove or disprove religion.
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What are the spiritual benefits of the media?
God can be seen as an active force in the world, inspiring humankind to develop new technology. Most believers accept the new technology as they see its benefits.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is spirituality?


A sense of something which i not material or temporal, usually to do with religion.

Card 3


Why do some people reject materialism?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Why do they lead more spiritual lives?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is a spiritual truth?


Preview of the front of card 5
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