Religion as a Force for Change

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  • Religion as a Force for Change
    • Main sociologist: Weber (1905)
      • Studies of the Protestant ethic and Calvinism shows how religion can cause serious social change
    • Modern capitalism is based on effeciency and a pursuit of profit for its own sake
      • Spirit of Capitalism
    • Calvinist beliefs reflect the spirit of capitalism
      • God has predetermined which souls will be saved and this cannot be altered
      • No human being can claim to know Gods will
      • Created a salvation panic
    • Calvinist beliefs favour self discipline and self denial e.g. Monks refraining luxury
    • Wealth and success brought about modern capitalism


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