Religion and Science

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  • Created by: Catherine
  • Created on: 14-04-13 16:27
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  • Religion and Science
    • Origins of the world
      • Cosmological
        • Big bang
          • world began in explosion of matter
          • this matter eventually formed elements
          • Evidence: the world is still expanding
      • Evolutionary
        • Origin of the Species by Charles Darwin
          • all life originated from simple cells
          • life evolved over millions of years into a variety of forms
          • humans evolved from apes not Adam and Eve
            • Disagrees with Biblical Teachings
      • Religious Arguments
        • Christians believe God created everything
          • Bible says this was in six days
            • humans came from Adam and Eve
        • Creation story could be viewed as a parable
          • or as symbolic description of gradual evolution
            • so it is possible to believe in the bible and science
        • In 1996 the RC Church accepted Big Bang Theory
    • People and Animals
      • God created humans to rule over animals
        • but there are still issues such as
          • Animal testing
          • Factory farming
          • Extinction because of humans
          • Hunting
          • Genetic modification
          • zoos and circuses
          • Vegetarianism
        • Major issue is if animals have souls or not
          • If they don't, humans are superior
            • Genesis supports this: "Rule over the fish of the sea..."
      • Everything is interdependant
        • our treatment of animals reflects back on us
      • Church of England
        • medical and technological use of animals should be monitored in the light of ethnic principles
      • Roman Catholic
        • more likely to tolerate animal experimentation if it brings a definite benefit for humans
      • Quakers
        • Completely opposed to ill treatment of animals
    • Environmental Issues
      • Problems
        • Devloped countries are the worst polluters of our planet
        • Governemnt look for short term benefits rather than care for planet
          • world's welfare put second
        • Individuals can help the planet
          • E.g. recycling, public transport etc
      • Religious Ideas: Stewardship
        • God put humans in charge of the Earth and expects us to care for it
        • Christians must balance caring for the planet and providing for humans
        • Christian Aid, TEAR Fund, CAFOD
    • Creationist beliefs
      • A creationist
        • rejects theory of evolution
        • Believes each species was put here by God
        • accepts micro evolution
          • but rejects that one species can evolve into another
      • Flat Earth Creationists
        • literal view of Genesis
        • Earth is flat and covered with a dome
        • Few people believe this but a society exists
      • Young Earth Creationist
        • earth is between 6000 and 10000 years old
        • made in 6 days
        • nightfall on OCtober 23rd 4004BC

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