PSY3 Relationships - Effects of Early Experience & Culture on Adult Relationships

Primarily from Holt & Lewis Study Guide - an outstanding resource

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  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 15-11-12 14:24
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  • Relationships - Effects of Early Experience & Culture on Adult  Relationships
    • Influence of Culture on Romantic Relationships
      • Divorce
      • Love & Marriage
      • Cultural differences in opinions of physical atractiveness
    • Influence of Childhood on Adult Relationships
      • Parent-child relationships - internal working model
        • Attachment style
          • Anxious/resistant insecure attachment C - CG inconsistent & overbearing, I anxious unsure reaction
          • Anxious/avoidant insecure A - CG distant, avoid intimacy, I crave but likely rejected, A diff trusting & intimacy
            • Campbell et al '05 - as adults least likely romantic relationship & most likely never in love
            • Collins & Fenney '04 - esp upset unsupportive partners, label unreliable
            • Kirkpatrick & Davis '94 - expect lower commitment so attracted to anx/res who expect high investment
          • Disorganised/disorientated insecure attachment D - I unsure if approach or avoid if absent, A chaotic, insensitive, explosive, abusive, untrusting, crave security
          • Secure type B - CG responsive, I trust & not fear abandoned = mature long-lasting adult relationships,unaffected if partner unsupportive
      • Attachment Stability
        • Waters '00 - 72% adults retested 20 yrs same attachment unless significant neg event eg bereavemen,divorce
        • Hazan & Shaver '87 - attitude to love by paper readers, statements reflecting attitude relationships,similar to infancy
          • Methodology- self-report, correlational,self-selected sample
  • Banse ;04 - marriage happiest if both & unlikelyaffected if partner unsupportive
    • Secure type B - CG responsive, I trust & not fear abandoned = mature long-lasting adult relationships,unaffected if partner unsupportive

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