Psychological Therapies for Treating SZ

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  • Created by: ces
  • Created on: 14-01-16 17:04
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  • Psychological Therapy for the treatment of SZ
    • Family Therapy
      • Involves helping the family cope with the stress of living with someone with SZ.
      • Re-commended for families of SZ patients with High Expressed Emotion (EE) levels
      • Works to relieve the guilt & blame that can come from a family member being diagnosed with SZ
      • Helps families to understand the disorder and understand that they are not to blame
      • Families are given an EE rating, those with high EE levels are most likely to benefit
        • Co-mmunication and problem solving is helpful in helping to reduce a persons vulnerability to relapse
          • The patient may or may not be present during the sessions, as the aim is to reduce hostility it may not be necessary for the patient to be present
    • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
      • recommended by NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence)
      • Involves trying to change some of the distorted thinking which underpins some of the positive symptoms, i.e. delusions and hallucinations
        • It is also successful in treating negative symptoms such as depression
      • CBT is not a cure for SZ, but can help SZic's take control of their thoughts
      • An example of how CBT help patients control their thoughts is with Command Auditory Hallucinations
        • CBT teaches Patients to 'outrank' the voices in their head, which will make the voices less threatening
          • Therefore, lessening the likelihood of a SZic acting on any instruction
      • In treating depression, CBT challenges the client to replace negative thinking with more helpful thoughts
        • These thoughts affect the mood, physical state and behaviour that follow
    • Unlike biological therapies, psychological therapies do not directly influence or change the brain biochemistry, instead they focus on the environment or thinking of the SZic


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