Prophets and their books - Islam

Mind map on some of the Islam books and messengers

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  • Created by: JMitch
  • Created on: 22-05-13 16:10
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  • Prophets and Scriptures
    • The Qur'an
      • 'Embodies the word of Allah' (Mawdudi)
      • Has ultimate authority in Islam
      • Read Daily and respected
      • Revealed to Muhammad and checked by Angel Jibril for accuracy
      • Read in Arabic
      • Uthmanic Recension removed 3 dialectical versions of the Qur'an
      • Shi'as believe Imams can interpret hidden meanings in the Qur'an
    • Wayh - Holy Revelation
    • Believe that all past messages were the same but were distorted, ignored or lost
    • 'To every people (was sent) a messenger' (Sura 10:47)
      • 25 named but traditionally said to be 124,000
    • Adam
      • Allah's first prophet
      • Fell from Grace and confessed sins at Arafat
      • Said to have built the first Ka'ba
    • Ibrahim
      • 'The greatest of the Prophets before Isa' (Watton)
      • Took Isma'il and Hagar to Arabia
        • Important in Hajj - Running between hills,  threw stones at devil in Mina
        • Asked to sacrifice son as a test
      • Rebuilt Ka'ba
      • Given the Scrolls of Ibrahim
      • Jews claim he was Jewish but he was 'true in faith' (Sura 3)
    • Musa
      • Sent to warn Pharaohs of Egypt and Israelites
      • Given Torah but it was distorted by Israelites
      • 'We gave Musa a clear proof of authority' (Sura 4:153)
    • Dawud
      • Defeated Philistines + Dawud - Became King of Isralites
      • 'We gave to Dawud Zabur' (Sura 4:163)
    • Isa
      • Was not killed by the Jews, was raised to heaven by God
      • Was only a prophet and reject the Trinity: 'Say not "three"' (Sura 4:171)
      • Jesus and was given Injil  (Bible)
      • Maryam was not adulterous as Jews claim
      • Will return on the Last day
    • Muhammad
      • 'Muhammad is no more than an Apostle' (Sura 3:144)
      • Given the Qu'an as the Final Message
      • Seal of the Prophets
        • Acted like the seal of a letter - no more can be added
        • Why Sunnah is important because he is the last example on how to live
        • No more can be added = difficulties in modern interpretations
      • 'Brought the greatest Miracle of all times' (Watton)
  • Isa
    • Was not killed by the Jews, was raised to heaven by God
    • Was only a prophet and reject the Trinity: 'Say not "three"' (Sura 4:171)
    • Jesus and was given Injil  (Bible)
    • Maryam was not adulterous as Jews claim
    • Will return on the Last day

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