Prohibition

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  • Prohibition
    • Organised Crime
      • Out of 7,000 arrested in New York, there was only evidence for 17 to be convicted
      • Al Capone and Bugs Moran battled control for illegal trade in Chicago
        • St Valentines Day Massacre - 1929, Capones gang killed 7 of Moran's gang
        • It is estimated that Chicago alone experienced 227 gangland murders
    • It was argued that alcohol brought misery to the home through men spending wages on beer instead of the family
      • Drink also became associated with immigrants who flooded into the US
    • By 1917, 19 states had already adopted it but it became nationwide through the Volstead Act in 1920
    • Prohibition was estimated to cost $5 million dollars but this was later reconsidered to be $300 million
    • There was a serious lack of enforcement officers with 3,000 to cover the whole of the country
      • They could also be easily bribed
        • Organised Crime
          • Out of 7,000 arrested in New York, there was only evidence for 17 to be convicted
          • Al Capone and Bugs Moran battled control for illegal trade in Chicago
            • St Valentines Day Massacre - 1929, Capones gang killed 7 of Moran's gang
            • It is estimated that Chicago alone experienced 227 gangland murders
        • There was so much corruption and it was suggested that one prohibition agent made $7 million from selling illegal licenses to pardon bootleggers, rather than his $2,500 wage
          • There was a serious lack of enforcement officers with 3,000 to cover the whole of the country
            • They could also be easily bribed
              • There was so much corruption and it was suggested that one prohibition agent made $7 million from selling illegal licenses to pardon bootleggers, rather than his $2,500 wage
      • Cleveland had 1,200 bars prior to prohibition but then had 3,000 speakeasies (adverse effects)
      • There were approximately 50,000 deaths from unregulated alcohol
        • Alcoholism deaths however were cut by 80%
        • Deaths from liver cirrhosis per 1,000 males were cut from 29.5% in 1911 to 10.7% in 1929
        • Moonshine was very dangerous could lead to blindness and even death, 30 people died in one year in New York alone

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