HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Pregnancy
    • Being a healthy body weight is important pre-conception
      • Being very underweight or overweight can make it difficult to concieve
      • Smoking or passive smoking is also linked with reduced fertility- smoking during pregnancy raises risk of miscarriage or stillbirth as well as premature birth
      • Alcohol consumption can reduce fertility and alcohol should be avoided during pregnancy
      • Borderline deficiencies may worsen when a woman becomes pregnant
    • Pregnancy divided into 3 trimesters- nutrient demands increase most rapidly in the last trimester
      • Untrue that a pregnant woman needs to 'eat for two'- only an extra 200 kcals per day are needed
    • Fat
      • Intake should be maintained rather than increased
      • EFAs play important role in reducing hypertension in mum and development of the brain/eye of fetus
    • Carbohydrates
      • Increased energy needs should be met by eating complex carbs
      • Constipation may occur during pregnancy so diet rich in NSP is recommended
    • Protein
      • More protein is needed for growth of fetus + repair and maintenance of mother's body tissue during and after pregnancy
    • Calcium
      • Fetus requires los of calcium in last trimester as skeleton develops
      • During pregnancy, body increases absorption of calcium from food
      • If mother's diet was low in calcium before pregnancy, she may lose calcium fro skeleton leading to weakened bones + teeth
    • Iron
      • Mother must have enough iron to meet own needs + provide baby with store of iron for first few months after birth
      • Menstruation stops during pregnancy + absorption of iron increases- mother must meet her iron needs by regular intake of iron-rich foods
    • Sodium
      • No more than 6g per day to maintain steady blood pressure
    • Vitamin A
      • Needed fro growth and eye development of fetus
      • Vitamin A can be toxic in large amounts leading to birth defects
      • Avoid liver and liver products during pregnancy
    • Vitamin D
      • Deficiency can lead to low birth weight of baby and oesteomalacia in mother
    • B Group Vitamins
      • Folate required for development of brain and nervous system- lack of folate may lead to spina bifida, miscarriage or slow growth
      • Fetus stores vitamin B12 for first 6 months of life
    • Vitamin C
      • Assists absorption of iron
      • Improves immunity and prevents infections
      • Requirements increase in last trimester


No comments have yet been made

Similar Home Economics: Food & Nutrition resources:

See all Home Economics: Food & Nutrition resources »See all Ages and Stages resources »