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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 17-02-13 17:07
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  • Practical Medicine in Ancient Egypt
    • The Egyptian Mummification of dead bodies
      • An Egyptian papyrus outlined some simple surgical procedures .
      • They believed that destroying some ones body meant they wouldn't go to the after life. Therefore experimental dissection didn't happen. This limited the amount of knowledge that could be gained.
      • carvings in the temple of Kom  Ombo show a variety of surgical instruments.
      • They prepared bodies for mumification by extracting the organs such as the brain and intestines then drying (desiccating) what remained with salt. This gave the Egyptians some knowledge of anatomy.
      • Willow was used after surgery and to heal wounds. it contains salicylic acid, a mild antiseptic and the original source of aspirin.
      • The Egyptians believe that the human body would be needed by a person in the after life, and that material possessions would also be important. This led to them preserving bodies and entombing them with fabulous possessions.
    • Non spiritual causes for illness were suggested
      • such ideas were not accepted by everyone and the people who did believe them did not abandon spiritual explanations and treatment's.
      • They thought that if those channels were blocked this led to disease. This led them to use vimiting, purging (laxetives) and bleeding to clean various passages. Such treatments may have helped with some of the complaints.
      • Egyptians knew diet was important, medical procedures included recommended foods.
      • The River Nile led some Egyptians to suggest that, like the Nile and its irrigation system was the human body was full of channels.


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