Power Theorists

  • Created by: ImmyD
  • Created on: 14-02-17 10:24
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  • Power in Language Theories
    • Lakoff
      • politeness theory
      • don't impose
      • give options
      • make your receiver feel good
    • Sapir-Whorf
      • determinism
        • language determines thought
        • if you don't know the language you can't change your beliefs
          • lack of power
          • lack of exprkession
      • reflectionism
        • language reflects thought
        • your beliefs are evident in your language
    • Grice
      • the conversationalmaxims
        • manner
        • quantity
        • quality
        • relevance
        • their flouting gives rise to pragmatic implication
    • Cameron
      • 'verbal hygiene' or political correctness
        • avoid offensive, exclusionary, assuming language
        • ridding your language of bias
        • allowing others to define their race, sexuality, gender etc.
        • don't be overly cautious
    • Goffman
      • Face theory
        • Face = self-esteem in discourse
        • FTAs/face threatening acts
      • Brown & Levinson
        • positive face
          • concern for the other's face
          • desire for approval
          • highlights camaraderie between participants
        • negative face
          • wish to feel unimposed upon
          • maintain social distance between participants
    • Giles
      • accommodation theory
      • using language to create social separation & distance
        • or to build a relationship & create intimacy
    • Wareing
      • defines social groups & power
        • personal
        • social
        • political
      • types of power
        • influential
          • persuasive
        • instrumental
          • non negotiable
    • Fairclough
      • Power behind discourse
        • context
        • all discourse is asymmetricaol
      • Power in discourse
        • lexical features
      • synthetic personalisation
        • companies, corporations, institutions creating a personal relationship where there isn't one
        • individual address
    • Sinclair & Coulthard
      • intiation response feedback

Comments

Adam Kirkbride

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Only criticism: incorrect definition of negative politeness - it is a wish to feel unimposed upon and to keep a respective social distance between participants

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