Physical disabilties

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  • Physical disabilities
    • Traumatic brain injury
      • Causes
        • Road traffic accidents
        • Assaults
        • Falls
        • Accidents a home or at work
      • What is it?
        • Occurs when an external force injures the brain.
        • Can affect all aspects of a persons life including personality
        • Person doesn't realise a brain injury has occurred.
    • Epilepsy
      • Causes
        • Stroke
        • Brain tumour
        • Severe head injury
        • Drug abuse
        • Alcohol misuse
        • Brain infection
        • Lack of oxygen during birth
      • What is it?
        • Condition that affects the brain and causes seizures.
        • Starts in childhood or over 60 years of age.
        • Can sometimes get somewhat better over time.
        • Seizures - burst of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affects how it works.
    • Cerebral palsy (CP)
      • Causes
        • Bleeding in a baby's brain or reduced blood and oxygen to the baby' brain.
        • An infection caught by the mother during pregnancy
        • Meningitis
        • Serious head injury
      • What is it?
        • Name for a group of lifelong conditions that affect movement and co-ordination
        • Obtained before, during or soon after birth.
    • Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
      • Causes
        • Genetic condition caused by a faulty gene.
        • Movement of water and salt in and out of cells affected.
      • What is it?
        • Genetic condition caused by a faulty gene.
        • Causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and the digestive system.
        • Causes lung infections and problems with digesting food.
    • Spinal cord injury (SCI)
      • Causes
        • Result from damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, disks of the spinal column or to the spinal cords itself.
        • May occur from a sudden traumatic blow to your spine.
    • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
      • Causes
        • Autoimmune condition - when something goes wrong with the immune system and mistakenly attacks a healthy part of the body
        • Immune system attacks the layer that surrounds and protects the nerves
        • Sheath and underlying nerves are damaged.
        • Messages travelling along the nerves become slowed or disrupted.
      • What is it?
        • Condition which affects the brain and or spinal cord.
        • Can cause problems with vision, arm or leg movement, sensation or balance.
    • Spina bifida (SB)
    • Prada-Willi syndrome (PWS)


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