Phobias

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Ellie504
  • Created on: 19-05-16 17:15
View mindmap
  • Phobias
    • 'A persistent, disproportion-ate and irrational fear of a specific object or situation which disrupts every day life.'
      • The feared object or situation presents little or no danger, is irrational, but causes fear and panic.
    • Common Symptoms
      • Increased Sweating
      • Accelerated Heart Rate
      • Diversion of blood flow to the skeletal muscles
      • Panic Attack
    • Types of Phobia
      • Specific - an intense or irrational fear of a particular item or situation.
      • Social - persistant, irrational fear of social situations
      • Agoraphobia - fear of having a panic attack in a public place.
    • Biological Theory
      • Phobias are innate. They seem to run in families.
      • Vulnerability theory
        • Genotype for phobias - inherited. Shown in the person's Phenotype in later life.
      • Eyesenck (1957) - overactive ANS
        • No clear link found - inaccurate?
      • Fyer et al (1995)  - 1st degree relatives
      • Preparedness theory
      • Torgesen (1983) - concordance in agoraphobia
      • Evaluations
        • Heavily reductionist
        • Very determinist
        • People develop them without genetic background.
        • Ecological validity lacking in some studies.
    • Cognitive Theory
      • Association and Avoidance
      • Focus on mental processes
      • Dysfunctional thinking
        • Automatic negative thoughts
        • Overgenerali-sations
        • Catastrophis-ing
        • Underestimate their ability to cope!
      • Deemed effective as supported by evidence
        • Tomarken - snakes and trees!
        • But that evidence is limited. Eco Validity?
      • Evalutations
        • Deemed effective as supported by evidence
          • Tomarken - snakes and trees!
          • But that evidence is limited. Eco Validity?
        • Too reductionist.
        • Ignores genetics
        • Difficulty establishing cause and effect
        • Helpful treatments - CBT
    • Behavioural Theory
      • Phobias must be learned as we are born blank slates.
      • Mowrer - two process theory - CC and OC
      • Watson and Rayner (1920) - Little Albert
        • Case study - limitations.
      • Evaluations
        • Too reductionist.
        • Doesnt take into account genetics
        • Doesnt take into account cognition.
        • Well supported by evidence
        • Effective treatments - Flooding
    • PsychD Theory
      • Result from unconscious processes
      • Displacement Defence Mechanism!
        • Becomes a specific phobia.
          • Whilst protecting us from more deviant unconscious
      • Seperation Anxiety
        • Agoraphobia
      • Little Hans
      • Evaluations
        • Little Hans better explained by conditioning.
        • Vagueness! Unscientific
        • Good applications - D.A, F.A

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Phobic disorders resources »