Characteristics of Phobias

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  • Phobias
    • Definition
      • Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder which means that a primary symptom is therefore, extreme anxiety.
      • Phobias are irrational fears that produce a conscious avoidance of the feared object or situation.
      • There are different types of phobias including: Specific phobias; Agoraphobia and Social phobias.
    • Characteristics
      • Emotional
        • Includes feeling of unreasonable, excessive & persistent fear as well as feelings of anxiety and panic.
        • These feelings are brought on by the presence or thought of the phobia.
      • Behavioural
        • The phobic will avoid the situation/object that is the source of the fear. sometimes they will show opposite behaviour of freezing or fainting.
        • Avoiding the source of fear can lead to disruption in normal routine such as being able to work. This is how phobias are different to everyday fears.
      • Cognitive
        • The phobic will have irrational thought processes and be resistant to rational arguments.
        • The phobic recognises that their fear is irrational which distinguishes between a phobia and a delusion.


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