Phobias

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  • Phobias
    • Classical conditioning
      • Unconditioned and conditioned stimulus
      • Pavlov's dog, Little Albert
      • Neutral stimulus
      • Learning through association
    • Operant conditioning
      • Learning through reinforcement
      • Skinners box
      • Positive and negative reinforcement
      • 2 process model (Morwen)
        • Classical conditioning
          • Unconditioned and conditioned stimulus
          • Pavlov's dog, Little Albert
          • Neutral stimulus
          • Learning through association
        • Classical conditioning
          • Initiates the phobia
          • Being bitten (UCS)
            • Fear (UCR)
            • Dog (NS)
              • Dog (CS)
                • Fear (CR)
        • Operant conditioning
          • Reinforces the phobia
          • Phobia is maintained through reinforcement particularly negative reinforcement
    • Treatment
      • Systematic desensitisation
        • Patient is taught a new association that runs counter to the original association
        • Therapist teaches patient relaxation techniques
        • Gradually introducing the person to the feared situation one step at a time in a fear hierarchy
      • Flooding
        • Have one long session where the patient experiences the phobia at it's worst
        • Relaxation techniques are practised as well and the session continues until the patient is fully relaxed

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