Philippine Compulsory Case Study

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  • Philippines - Multiple Hazard Hotspot
    • Vulnerability
      • Ranked 11th in the Natural Disaster Index
      • rapidly increasing young population - 240 people per kmsq
        • could double in next 3 decades
      • poor people live on coasts - tsunamis and typhoons
      • 10-20 typhoons a year
      • population 84.6 million
        • 14.8% in extreme poverty
          • living on less than $1 a day
      • Unstable locations
        • Aeta Tribe lived on Mt Pinatubo when erupted in 1991
    • Capacity to Cope
      • Natural Disaster Coordinating Council
      • 1 doctor per 1700
      • Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical + Astronomical Services
      • Philippine  Institute of Volcanonolgy + Seismology
      • Poor land use planning and uncontrolled deforestation
        • contributed to increase run off and soil erosion, flash floods, and slides
      • mangrove swamps have declined which protect coast from storms, erosion, and flods
        • 450,000 hectares - 120,000
    • Hazards
      • Typhoons
        • Pacific ocean and move westwards
        • Xangsane in Manlia 2006
          • high winds + torrential rain destroyed homes, caused flooding and slides
          • loss of power + water
      • Volcanoes
        • Destructive Plate Boundary
          • Eurasian + Phiilippine
        • Mt Pinatuo 1991
          • 80.000 hectares of farm land destroyed
          • 350 dead
          • $710 losses
      • Landslides
        • heavy rain in short amount of time
        • steep slopes + unstable land
        • Seismic activity
        • Leyte Islands 2006
          • 100+ dead
          • village buried - including school
      • Earthquakes
        • Philippine + Eurasian plate become locked together
        • Luzon Islands 1990
          • 7.8 magnitude
          • 1500 dead

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