People with physical disabilities or longstanding illnesses

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  • Physical disabilities or longstanding illnesses
    • Improvements in techbology leading to improvements in treatments which in turn leads to increased life expectancy
    • More health surveillance programmes available - leading to more conditions diagnosed and thus treated, such as hypertension which is a longstanding illness
    • Improvements in vaccination programmes e.g. flu vaccine prevents the death of many vulnerable sick people thus increasing numbers of long term sick and disabled
    • Increase in numbers abusing alcohol and drugs which leads to greater number of people categorised as having a long term illness
    • Advances in medicine - discovery of new drugs meaning people can live longer with chronic conditions such as MS, strokes or cystic fibrosis
    • Increased survival rates at birth linked to improvements in medical care
    • Increase in life expectancy generally - older people more likely to have disabilities or illnesses
    • Improved access to preventative and specialist care and services means people with physical disabilities are living longer
    • A change in attitudes/recognition linked to introduction of legislation has led to improved care for disabled people
    • Better knowledge and understanding of importance of positive lifestyle choices means people tend to live longer with their disability or illness
    • Poor lifestyle choices leading to obesity which increases risk of illness and disease sch as type II diabetes
    • Improved standards of living e.g. nutrition, have increased life expectancy and in turn morbidity rates


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