Pavana Lachrimae - Sweelinck

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  • Pavana Lachrimae - Sweelinck
    • Resources
      • Manual harpsichord - teaching material
      • Range: 3 octaves: G (bottom of bass stave) to G (octave & 1/2 above middle C)
    • Tonality
      • Renaissance modality
        • G nats make it seem in Aeolian mode with some G#s for chromaticism
          • Or.. that it's A minor with some modal (Aeolian) elements
      • False relations (G nat & G# - bar10&96)
      • 1st 3 cadences (A minor) at the end of each 4-bar phrase are modal sounding Phrygian cadences (IVb-V)
    • Background
      • Probably intended for domestic use
      • 1615: Renaissance
    • Structure
      • 3 sections (ABC): varied repeat of each section rather than 'straight' repetition
      • Constantly uses elaborate rhythmic figures - figural variations (bar17)
    • Metre
      • 4/4
    • Harmony
      • Most chords are triads in root position or 1st inversion
      • Tierce de Picardi (bar16)
      • Only dissonance that occurs on minims are suspensions (bars 89-92)
      • Cadences are perfect or imperfect
      • Cadential trills occasionally
      • Other non-chord notes include passing notes & auxiliary notes
    • Rhythm
      • Cadential trills involving 8 demisemiquavers (bar 30&45)
      • Rhythmic variety
      • Passages & sections: usually begin with semibreves, minims, crotchets & a few quavers
      • Often continuous semiquavers in one part
    • Texture
      • 4 SATB-like parts for majority but the number of parts isn't constant
      • Most passages are in free counterpoint with occasional imitative entries (bars3&4)
      • Short canon bar 91 between soprano & bass
      • Melody supported by bass in semibreves (bar1-4). Inner parts also have some contrapuntal interest.
    • Melody
      • Imitation
      • Most florid passages cover quite a small range
      • Conjunct with occasional leaps
      • Sometimes short repeated patterns in sequence
      • Rising 6ths (bar 2) after initial stepwise descent in perfect 4th
      • Falling 4th figures in opening 5 bars
      • Variation tecniques e.g. additional notes between pairs of notes from Dowland's melody

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