Rhythm and metre

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  • Rhythm and metre
    • Sweelinck Pavana Lachrimae
      • 'First sections' A, B and C use semibreves, minims and crotchets
      • 'Second Sections' A', B' and C' (variations) more semiquavers and quavers -'quick' rhythms.
    • Schumann
      • No. 1
        • Tripletted Rhythms
        • Featured dotted rhythm in melody line.
        • Use of Rits and Ralls
      • No. 3
        • semiquavers continuous
          • Other than crotchet at beginning of each phrase (represent child pausing and running in different direction)
      • No. 11
        • Dotted Rhythms
          • Each section has own characteristic rhythms e.g. B double semiquavers whereas C has groups of 4 semiquavers.
        • Use of offbeats in accompaniment
    • Debussy
      • Simple triple time - typical sarabande along with 2nd beat emphasis.
      • continuous quaver chords , use of triplet quavers and quaver-two-semiquavers pattern
    • Beethoven
      • Slow Triple intoduction
      • 1st theme has anacrusis 3 quavers followed by minim.
      • some continuous triplet rhythms eg bar 76-79 and bar 211-214
      • Use of anacrusis
      • Syncopation eg bar 45-6
    • Bach
      • triple time signature - 3/8
      • Violin starts on 2nd semiquaver after 5 note anacrusis.
      • Closing theme = double hemiola eg bar 79-83
      • Syncopation eg bar 43-46 in flute

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