Palaeolithic cave art

Mind map drawing together various theories for cave art as well as some good example sites.

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  • Created by: Canar
  • Created on: 04-02-16 11:42
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  • Palaeolithic cave art
    • Lascaux-France
      • 17,500 years old-discovered 1940.
      • Dated using C14 dating on remains of charcoal used on walls
      • Ochre used to make red and yellow paints, manganese dioxide for black-determined by chemical residue analysis.
      • Rock shapes used to create 3D effect
      • Animal fat lamps used-flickering effect for movement illusion.
      • Nearly 2,000 figures painted.
        • Animals, human figures and abstract signs.
          • 900 identifiable animals
            • 364 paintings of equines. 90 of stags.
              • Cattle and bison also represented (4-5% of paintings each)
          • Geometric symbols
            • Art for art's sake? Or perhaps these represent symbols drawn whilst artist was in a drug induced state?
        • Nothing of vegetation o landscape of the time
      • Hall of the Bulls
        • 36 animals represented. one .2 metres long-longest animal in cave art-depicted in motion
          • Animal fat lamps used-flickering effect for movement illusion.
    • Rouffingnac
      • Flint nodule used as mammoth eye
    • Enlene
      • Possible idea of hunting magic.
      • Animal teeth placed in cracks in cave wall-magical rite?
      • Engraved sandstone plaque-human figures-various interpretations
        • Other finds include rondelle disc-bison on one side, geometric shape on the other.
    • Theories of puropse
      • Symbolic hunting magic
      • Images painted during shamanistic trance
        • Abstract art?
          • Entopic purposes.-Signs 'hard-wired into brain'-come out when using drugs-proposed by Lewis-Williams and Dowson 1988
      • Ownership
        • Tribe symbols of  a certain animal
      • Ceremonial center/temple
        • Hall of Bulls at Lascaux
        • Salon Noir at Niaux
          • Have passages leading to them
            • Hall of Bulls at Lascaux
            • Ritual journey-some evidence of votive offerings being left.
        • Gargas cave-mutilated hands
          • Rites of passage
      • Rites of passage
      • shaminism
        • Images painted during shamanistic trance
          • Abstract art?
            • Entopic purposes.-Signs 'hard-wired into brain'-come out when using drugs-proposed by Lewis-Williams and Dowson 1988
        • Lord of the animals from Les Trois Freres-combines human and animal. Upright with antlers etc.
      • Representing caves as wombs
        • Pergouset cave has depictions of vulvas
          • Also useful site for other theories. 'Monsters' at end of cave-trance paintings.
            • 130m long passage that have to drag yourself along-passage.
          • 90cm high headless man
          • Fish and other wildlife
          • Private art-horse painted in corner which can't get head into-meant only for 'spirits' to see?
      • Communication systems-tells tribes where best hunting grounds are etc.
    • Can compare with modern examples.
    • Died out around 9,600BC.
  • Distinguish between male and female roles
    • Venus figures of women at Gonnersdorf?
    • Theories of puropse
      • Symbolic hunting magic
      • Ownership
        • Tribe symbols of  a certain animal
      • Ceremonial center/temple
        • Salon Noir at Niaux
          • Have passages leading to them
            • Ritual journey-some evidence of votive offerings being left.
        • Gargas cave-mutilated hands
        • shaminism
          • Lord of the animals from Les Trois Freres-combines human and animal. Upright with antlers etc.
        • Representing caves as wombs
          • Pergouset cave has depictions of vulvas
            • Also useful site for other theories. 'Monsters' at end of cave-trance paintings.
              • 130m long passage that have to drag yourself along-passage.
            • 90cm high headless man
            • Fish and other wildlife
            • Private art-horse painted in corner which can't get head into-meant only for 'spirits' to see?
        • Communication systems-tells tribes where best hunting grounds are etc.

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