Odyssey Book 5

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  • Odyssey Book 5
    • Flow Chart
      • Join Gods at Mt. Olympus. Second part of plan to be enacted. Zeus sends Hermes to C's island. Hermes arrives and C immediately asks him a question but then proceeds to correct herself and offers him hospitality. H orders C to release O and says he must make himself a raft to leave C's island. H then departs.
    • themes
      • Law of Xenia
        • C only half-follows the law of Xenia she asks Hermes questions before she gives him food or a seat etc. - shows questionable character.
      • O's character
        • huge emphasis is put on the fact that O is crying - this shows he is being held captive by C - we know he isn't willingly betraying his family.
          • in Homeric tales it wasn't seen as 'wimpy' for a man to cry but heroic.
        • huge emphasis is put on the raft being made by O, himself. Zeus emphasises it, Hermes does and C provides him with all the materials - shows O's intelligence
        • he doesn't trust either C or Ino at face value - questioning both - this shows his wit and forward-thinking.
      • Nostos
        • Nostos is shown when O is depicted as crying at the beginning of the book showing he longs for P and home.
        • C tempts O to stay on the island but his strong sense of Nostos prevents him from staying.
        • on arriving at Phaeacia a simile is used 'felt relief that a man's child feel when their father who has in bed wasting away...passes...and they know he will live'.
          • this is comparible to Nostos as it mirrors the situation between T and O as T is unsure of his father's state and wishes to see him again.
    • Techniques
      • epic similes
        • like the pebbles that stick to the suckers of a squid when it is torn from its lair'
          • represents O's strength in holding onto the rock
        • 'as farmer on a lonely farm far away from any neighbours buries a log under the black ashes'
          • shows how alone O is
        • 'toss a dry heap of chaff and scatter it in all directions'
          • reinforces idea of O as helpless
        • 'like a seagull drenching the feathers of its wings in the unharvest deep'
          • it resembles Hermes's speed.
        • Ino is also compared to a seagull, like Hermes - suggests their power.
        • 'like the North Wind at harvest time tossing about the fields of thistles that have stuck together'
          • shows how small and helpless O is in comparison to Poseidon.
      • Homer uses the stock scene of O constructing a boat to relate to the audience as they would know how to do so as the most common method of travel was boat
      • uses the formulae of dawn appearing 'fresh and rosy-fingered' to signify the passage of time


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