Nietzsche - Essay II

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  • Nietzsche - OGM - Essay II
    • significance of our ability to make promises
      • we need to have memory
      • man is responsible to be free to make claims regarding his own future
        • Conscience
          • conscience has changed through times
            • we are used to see their origins in a divine creation
            • Bad conscience
              • constantly scared to do something wrong
              • guilt remains with us and there is no possibility to free ourselves from it
              • transition from hunters to societies with permanent settlers
                • instincts could not be released
                  • to survive - consciousness
                  • turned inwards - violence to ourselves
                  • development of a inner life and bad conscience
                    • depth and soul created
    • guilt and debt
      • guilt is a feeling that does come from the relationship between buyer and seller
        • a debt that needed to be paid
      • punishment was used as a reprisal
        • a way to pay off a debt if this last one was not paid
        • cruelty would not make us forget to pay the debt again
          • memory
      • Slave morality
        • accountability and responsibility
        • punishment is meted out
          • the offender could have acted otherwise
          • does not pay the debt, just a way to make us more prudent.
        • bad conscience
          • Bad conscience
            • constantly scared to do something wrong
            • guilt remains with us and there is no possibility to free ourselves from it
            • transition from hunters to societies with permanent settlers
              • instincts could not be released
                • to survive - consciousness
                • turned inwards - violence to ourselves
                • development of a inner life and bad conscience
                  • depth and soul created
    • conscience has changed through times
      • we are used to see their origins in a divine creation
    • Will to Power
      • the driving force in humans - ambitions, achievement and the need to be at the highest position in life
      • can be expressed as violence
      • pursue of self - mastery
      • we need to go forward and win our inner life (struggle). will to power has to overcome itself completely
        • the overman

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