Nelson Mandela

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  • Nelson Mandela
    • Background
      • born: 18th July 1918, in Mvezo, South  Africa
      • member of the royal family of the Tembu people
      • father died when he was young & the chief brought him up
      • ran away to Johannesburg to get out of an arranged marriage
      • studied law at the University of Witwatersrand
      • set up the first black law firm with Oliver Tambo in 1952
    • Key Events
      • In 1947 he became the ANC Youth League's secretary
      • In 1952 , he was chosen as 'Volenteer-in-chief' for the Defiance Campaign
        • because of this he was tried under the Suppression of Communism Act & found guilty but was given a suspended sentence
      • became President of the Transvaal section of the ANC, the government banned him from attending public meetings & from leaving Johannesburg
      • In 1953, a new 2 year banning order stopped him from attending the congress that drew up the Freedom Charter
      • All of the defendants were found not guilty
      • after  shrapeville the ANC & the PAC were banned
      • in 1960, Mandela co-founded the ANC armed services called 'Umkhonto we Sizwe' ( Spear of the Nation). It was commonly Known as MK
      • he slipped out of South Africa in early 1962, to visit other countries to  gain support
        • when he returned in June he was arrested.
      • He was involved in the Rivonia Trial(1963)
        • he was sentenced to life imprisonment
        • He was still under a banning order which meant that South African  newspapers weren't allowed to quote.
  • because of this he was tried under the Suppression of Communism Act & found guilty but was given a suspended sentence
  • set up the first black law firm with Oliver Tambo in 1952
  • became President of the Transvaal section of the ANC, the government banned him from attending public meetings & from leaving Johannesburg
  • he was then banned for another 5 years after the second banning ran out. despite this, he went on secretly working for the ANC
    • Key Events
      • In 1947 he became the ANC Youth League's secretary
      • In 1952 , he was chosen as 'Volenteer-in-chief' for the Defiance Campaign
        • In 1953, a new 2 year banning order stopped him from attending the congress that drew up the Freedom Charter
        • All of the defendants were found not guilty
        • after  shrapeville the ANC & the PAC were banned
        • in 1960, Mandela co-founded the ANC armed services called 'Umkhonto we Sizwe' ( Spear of the Nation). It was commonly Known as MK
        • he slipped out of South Africa in early 1962, to visit other countries to  gain support
          • when he returned in June he was arrested.
        • He was involved in the Rivonia Trial(1963)
          • he was sentenced to life imprisonment
          • He was still under a banning order which meant that South African  newspapers weren't allowed to quote.
    • on December 5 1956 he was one of the 156 people arrested and accused of high treason & the trial didn't end until 1961
      • The police  had no proof that he was involved in the MK, so instead he was charged with minor offences
        • The minor offences included organising strikes & leaving South Africa without a valid passport.
        • he was found guilty & sentenced to 5 years hard labour.
      • He was sent to Robben Island, an offshore prison, near Cape Town
        • The police  had no proof that he was involved in the MK, so instead he was charged with minor offences
          • The minor offences included organising strikes & leaving South Africa without a valid passport.
          • he was found guilty & sentenced to 5 years hard labour.

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