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Julian Smilg LTJA Saturday, 30 May 2009

History Revision Notes
Russia until 1905

Why was Russia so hard to rule in 1900?:

The economy

Russia was rich in natural resources but made less than smaller countries from these. Russia's main source of
wealth was from farming. However, old-fashioned farming methods…

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Causes of the 1905 revolution:

Reference= `who were the major enemies of the Tsar?" 24/09/08

Long term reasons

The revolution in Russia in 1905 was triggered by several different reasons. Several of these were long-term
reasons. These were important because they showed steadily growing unrest against the leaders of Russia.…

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After the war there were many strikes in St. Petersburg. The workers were angry. This led to a Sunday 9th of
January, soon to be known as bloody Sunday. Bloody Sunday was one of the biggest marches in Russia's
history. The workers marched inwards on the centre of St Petersburg,…

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good decision by the Tsar. Sergie Witte and Peter Stolypin, the former being responsible for the Dumas and
the latter for the special consideration of peasants, where both employed by the Tsar. Witte devised the
October manifesto. This was a set of policies that satisfied the liberals needs and had…

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The war effort caused economic chaos.
By February 1917, people in the towns were starving and freezing.
The revolution was started by the women - on 8 March 1917 they went on a march demanding
bread, which turned into rioting.
The tsarina called in the troops. However, on 12…

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6. Army

A private Bolshevik army (the Red Guards), dedicated to the revolution, was set up and trained under Leon
Trotsky It gave the Bolsheviks the military power to win.

7. Organisation

The Bolsheviks were brilliantly organised (or were they?). A central committee (controlled by Lenin and other
leading Bolsheviks)…

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The main aim of Malan's Apartheid was to extend the white supremacy in South Africa. The apartheid policy
was designed to separate black and white South Africans, to oppress, dominate and control blacks, and in the
same breath to enrich white South Africans at the expense of the oppressed people.…

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carry passes, violating the curfew on Africans, and entering locations and public facilities designated for one
race only.

In early 1953, the government imposing stiff penalties for protesting discriminatory laws, including heavy
fines and prison sentences of up to five years. It then enacted the Public Safety Act, allowing declaration…


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