Nazi Propaganda 1

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  • Nazi Propaganda
    • Nazi state sought to win over public opinion and create a new Nazi culture which glorified war and the Aryan race. This involved projecting a positive image of Nazi culture and achievements, and censoring hostile ideas and inconvenient facts in the media, art, literature and theatre.
    • Goebbels was appointed head of the Propaganda Ministry when it was created on 13th March 1933. Departments within the ministry were set up dealing with the press, film, radio, theatre and a programme of 'popular enlightenment'(the use of propaganda to brainwash the German people into accepting Nazi ideology and in this wasy controlling what people knew and believed)
    • Radio
      • In the summer of 1933 the staff of all radio stations were purged of left-wingers and Jews
        • The government successfully encouraged radio ownership. Millions of cheap were produced, with a limited pick up range so that they were unable to pick up foreign programmes beyond German borders.
      • In April 1934 the regional radio stations were removed from the control of the Lander and formed into the Reich Radio company. The news programmes were subordinated to the Ministry's press department.
    • Music
      • Jazz was condemmed as degenerate and banned
      • Jewish conductors and musicians were dismissed
      • Experiments in modern music were also condemmed e.g. the work of the Russian experimental composer Igor Stravinsky
    • The press
      • Any socialist and communist newspapers were shut down
      • All papers were controlled by the 'Reich Press Chamber' which was directed by a Nazi publisher
      • October 1933, the 'editors law' made it impossible for newspaper editors to take an independent stance on issues; they were compelling to accurately record the views and opinions of the regime.
      • Jews were banned from working as editors or journalists
    • Drama
      • All theatres and preformances, even amateur productions, had to be licensed by the ministry
      • According to the theatre law of 15th May 1934, plays were a 'public exercise subject to police supervision'
      • Modern experimental plays were banned, but the German classics could still be preformed
    • Film
      • The Reich Film Chamber was set up in July 1933. Everyone employed in the film industry had to join
      • The reich cinema law required all film scripts to be submitted to the censor and have Goebbles the power to ban any film which he thought to be unsuitable
      • The news feature Weekly Review, of which half of the coverage was devoted to politics, had to be included in every film programme.
    • Literature and Art
      • Goebbles stressed that writers should depict the new Nazi Germany in a positive light. Books on war, the 'heroic' early days of the Nazi movement, Germany's historic mission in Eastern Europe and similar topics were approved themes.
      • Reich chamber of literature drew up a list of 'damaging and undesirable' literature and the Gestapo and the SA could raid libraries to track them down
        • Hitler dismissed modern Art as degenerate and all modern art was banned.
          • Exhibitions mocking degenerate art were shown in German towns. Acceptable art included blonde women and pictures of the country. The House of German Art was opened for Such works in Munich in 1937


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