Sustainable Cities - Mumbai

  • Created by: ZodiacRat
  • Created on: 07-06-15 09:17
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  • Mumbai
    • Environmental quality
      • Environmental quality is poor - roads congested and polluted.
      • Dharavi has poor sewage and waste disposal.
      • Sewage is released directly into the sea.
      • Industrial/toxic waste dumped on the edgge of Mumbai.
      • Marine wildlife significantly reduced.
    • Transport and communications
      • Trains and buses are dominant mode of transport - 88% of commuters use trains.
      • Trains often filled with 3 times the number of capacity passengers.
      • Accidents are very common - 3,500 people die every year on train tracks.
      • 7 million people in Mumbai live along train tracks.
    • Areal extent
      • Built on 7 small islands, no room to expand.
      • Connected with bridges and land reclaimed from the sea.
      • Coastal and surrounded by sea.
      • Magnet for migrants - 18 million people living in one small area.
      • Heart of Mumbai (Dharavi) is densely populated - 2km squared of land contains 1 million people.
    • Disparities of wealth
      • 60% of Mumbai's population is in poverty.
      • 2 very different sides.
        • Centre for outsourcing and business, growing middle class, gated communities, job opportunities, purchasing power parity.
        • Dharavi in the heart of Mumbai.
          • Insufficient water supply, no waste/sewage disposal, poor infrastructure and facilities.
      • Hyperurbanisation.


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