Modern Public Health

  • Created by: Saandy_
  • Created on: 23-01-20 17:59
View mindmap
  • Modern Public Health
    • Reports
      • Booth
        • Life and Labour of the People in London
          • 30% of Londoners didn't have enough money to eat despite having a full time job
            • Demonstrated link between poverty and high death rate
      • Rowntree
        • Poverty: A Study of Town Life (York)
          • 28% of population did not have min. amount of money to live on at some time in their life
    • Boer War
      • 1899- Trying to find recruits
        • 40% of those who volunteered were unfit
          • Govt. set up enquiry into 'Physical Deterioration of the People'
    • Government Action
      • Reports fuelled fears
        • Many thought direct action was how to improve health, welfare and productivity
          • Liberal Party worried about popularity of Labour Party, founded in 1900.
    • Liberal Social Reforms
      • 1906- Free school meals for poor children
        • 1907- School medical service- free medical inspection later followed by free treatment
          • 1908- Children and Young Person's Act- children are 'protected persons'- parents are breaking the law if they are neglected
            • 1908- Old Age Pensions- national taxes
              • 1909- First job centres in Britain
                • 1911- National Insurance Act: Unemployment benefit, free medical treatment and sick pay
    • World Wars
      • Need for healthy soldiers showed importance of tackling poverty and poor health.
      • Building of over-crowded back-to-back housing was banned
      • 1918- local council had to provide health visitors for pregnant women and day nurseries
      • 1919- Councils built new housing for poor people
        • 1930- slum clearance programme started
      • During WW2, people were shocked by the health of city children
    • Beveridge Report-1942
      • 5 Giants
        • Disease, want, ignorance, idleness and sqaulor
          • Suggested ways to improve quality of life and said government should take charge
    • Welfare State
      • NHS-1948- provided free health treatment for everyone
      • Weekly family allowance helped with childcare costs
      • Very poor received benefits
      • By 1948, 280,000 council houses were being built per year.
    • Development of NHS
      • Bevan proposed the NHS
        • He won doctors over by promising a salary and allowing private patient treatment too
          • Over time, the cost has rocketed
            • Now not completely free. Working people pay for prescriptions and dental treatment
    • Healthcare into the 21st Century
      • Modern drugs are very expensive and mean older people are living for longer
        • Elderly usually use NHS more than young people
      • Healthy eating campaigns and new laws
        • People need less expensive medical care in future
          • Eg. tobacco advertising was banned in 2005
      • New initiatives
        • Checking for early signs of cancer
        • How to spot and deal with a potential stroke victim
        • 5 fruit and veg a day- make British healthier
      • Technological breakthroughs and developments will continue to improve health and well-being of people
        • Digital Therapy
          • Patients who need at-home care or who can't travel to a doctor's surgery or hospital


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »