Milgram's Variation Study (1965)

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  • Milgram's Variation Study (1965)
    • Aim
      • Whether obedience to authority is affected by witnessing rebellious or obedient stooges
    • Procedure
      • 80 Males, 20-50 yrs old
      • Two conditions:
        • 1st Condition: Ptp worked with 2 rebellious stooges
          • At 150v one refused to continue
          • At 210v the other refused to continue
        • 2nd Condition: Ptp worked with 2 obedient stooges
          • Stooges gave shocks without protest
          • Offered mild rebukes when ptp shows displeasure
    • Findings
      • All 40 ptp gave at least 300v
      • 26 ptp (65%) gave full 450v
      • Rebellious: 50% refused past 150v
      • 15% gave full 450v
      • Obedient: 29 ptp (72.5%) went to 450v
    • Conclusion
      • Group pressure affects obedience to authority
    • Evaluation
      • Lacks Ecological Validity
        • Artificial setting, electric shocks not normal
      • High Reliability
        • Extraneous variables (standardised procedure) = same for all ptp
          • Repeat study, same results
      • Ptp suffer distress from thinking giving electric shocks
      • Ptp not likely to work out aim
        • Told memory test, not suffer Demand Characteristics

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