Memory, EWT, Schemas

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  • Memory
    • EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY- Refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed. 
      • EWT requires high-order memory capacity. This is why children are not reliable for EWT as their brains are not fully developed.
      • Memory is affected by retelling, and we rarely tell a story in a neutral fashion. This affects the reliability of EWT.
      • SCHEMAS CONTRIBUTING TO STEREOTYPES~  Schemas can make it difficult to retain new information that does not conform to our established ideas about the world.
    • Eyewitness Testimony can be affected by many psychological factors; anxiety/stress, reconstructive memory, weapon focus & leading questions.
      • Schemas
        • Organized pattern of thought or behavior.
      • People of a young age do not have accurate Eyewitness Testimony.
      • Ceci & Bruck research shows that, children like to not necessarily lie but, make up fantasy's when given the chance by interviewers.

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