Medicine through time- mind map

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Medicine Through Time
    • Hippocrates
      • Four humours
        • Regression
          • Some ideas could worsen problem , ie. infection
          • Incorrect Idea
          • Held medicine back for 2000 years
            • People had faith in his ideas,
        • Progression
          • Follows patterns of four, eg. seasons
          • Encouragement to change lifestyle
          • Moving away from supernatural ideas
          • Beginnings of clinical observation
        • Four bodily fluids
        • Had to be kept in balance
      • Wrote Books
        • So ideas could be passed along
      • Hippocratic Oath
        • Still used in medicine today
      • Natural Ideas
      • Ancient Greek Doctor
    • Galen
      • Theory of opposites
        • Treating patients with opposites
        • eg. treating a fever with extreme cold
      • Greek
      • Worked at a gladiator school
      • Traveled to gain knowledge
      • Became doctor to greek  emperor
    • Black Death
      • Believed Causes
        • Bad smells (miasma)
        • Aliment of planets
        • Drinking from poisoned wells
        • Touching a victim
        • Four humors imbalanced
        • Actual cause
          • Black Death
            • Believed Causes
              • Bad smells (miasma)
              • Aliment of planets
              • Drinking from poisoned wells
              • Touching a victim
              • Four humors imbalanced
              • Actual cause
                • Fleas on rats
                • From Asia
                • Travelling on ships
                • Infesting towns, infecting victims
            • Symptoms
              • Death within 7days
              • Black spots
                • Hence name
              • Swollen glands
                • Buboes
                • Armpits,groin ect
              • Fever
            • Treatments
              • Leeches
              • Wise women
              • Barber surgeons
                • Surgeries and Operations
              • Worms
                • On a stick
                • Soup
              • Running Away
              • Flagellents
          • Fleas on rats
          • From Asia
          • Travelling on ships
          • Infesting towns, infecting victims
      • Symptoms
        • Death within 7days
        • Black spots
          • Hence name
        • Swollen glands
          • Buboes
          • Armpits,groin ect
        • Fever
      • Treatments
        • Leeches
        • Wise women
        • Barber surgeons
          • Surgeries and Operations
        • Worms
          • On a stick
          • Soup
        • Running Away
        • Flagellents
    • Middle Ages
      • Language barriers
        • Prevented new ideas
      • Women
        • Housewife Physicians
        • Midwives
        • Wise women
        • Prosecuted for working as doctors
        • Like doctors, but cheaper
        • Qualified doctors often asked for their help
      • Physicians
        • Trained at university
          • Run by churches
        • No 'hands on' training
    • Renaissance
      • Rebirth
      • New inventions
        • Art
          • Became more realistic
        • Trade
        • operating theatres
          • observe operations
      • Versalius
        • Studied in Paris
          • Met artists, dissecting bodies
        • On the fabric of the  human body
          • Book
            • Paintings of anatomy
        • Came from family of physicians
        • Proved galen wrong
          • Liver- two lobes not five
          • Heart- no holes
        • people began thinking for themselves
        • However
          • No treatments made
      • William Harvey
        • Through lots of disections
        • Also challenged Galens ideas
          • Built upon versalius'
        • However
          • Ideas not respected- like Galens
          • Didnt actually cure anyone
      • Physicians and hostpitals
        • diagnosis by urine
        • Trainees frequently disected
          • medical schools set up
          • Trained by professionals
        • Charities began to set hostpitals back up
          • After Henery VIII shut them down
            • Public funded
              • Hostpitals mainly for the poor
    • Industrial Revolution
      • Urbanisation
        • living conditions were poor
          • Disease easily spread
          • Unsanitary
        • Heavily poluted
          • Breathing problems
        • Cramped
      • Government
        • Sewers were unfinished
          • dirty water- spread disease
        • Poor were related to disease
      • War
        • Better nursing care
          • Better outcomes for patients
        • Dead  bodies examined
        • Enchanced knowledge on tropical diseases
        • Sophisticated Weaponary
      • New Technologies
        • Better steel
          • More precise equipment
          • More instruments
        • Glass
          • Microscopes
            • Can see bacteria
        • Steam power
          • Faster trains
            • Scientists can travel
    • Killer diseases in 19th centrury
      • TB  (tuberculosis)
        • Spread through coughing
          • Sometimes spread through unpasteurised milk
        • Coughing up blood
        • Chest pains
        • Weight loss
        • All ages
        • urbanisation
          • Helped disease spread quickly and effectively
      • Cholera
        • Contaminated water
        • Diarrhoea
        • Sickness
        • Dehydration
          • Death
        • All ages
        • Urbanisation
          • More people
            • More contamination
              • More death
      • Diptheria
        • mainly  children
        • Spread through moisture
        • Paralysis
        • Bleeding
        • Blocking of the throat
          • Suffocation
        • Urbanisation helped spreading
      • Whooping Cough
        • Spread by moisture
        • Cough
        • Sickness
        • Death
    • Jenner
      • Small Pox
        • Spread through moisture
        • Pus filled blisters
        • Killed lots of children
      • Inoculation
        • Giving patient inactive disease
        • Lady mary Wortley Montague
        • Rubbing pus into a cut
        • Causing body to develop antibodies again disease
        • Expensive
      • vaccination
        • Cowpox
        • Milk maids never got small pox
        • Weaker realted illness
      • Government funded
      • Spread word
    • Germ Theory
      • Koch
        • specific bacteria
          • causing specific disease
            • Anthrax
      • Pasteur
        • Real discoveries
          • Koch
            • specific bacteria
              • causing specific disease
                • Anthrax
        • Came up with idea of germs
        • Microscopes
        • Leads to
          • Antibiotics
          • Health schemes
          • Longer life expectancy
      • Developments in glass
      • Making it possible to find cures
        • vaccinations
  • Hippocrates
    • Four humours
      • Regression
        • Some ideas could worsen problem , ie. infection
        • Incorrect Idea
        • Held medicine back for 2000 years
          • People had faith in his ideas,
      • Progression
        • Follows patterns of four, eg. seasons
        • Encouragement to change lifestyle
        • Moving away from supernatural ideas
        • Beginnings of clinical observation
      • Four bodily fluids
      • Had to be kept in balance
    • Wrote Books
      • So ideas could be passed along
    • Hippocratic Oath
      • Still used in medicine today
    • Natural Ideas
    • Ancient Greek Doctor
  • Language barriers
    • Prevented new ideas
  • Taught ideas of  Galen and Hippocrates
    • Trained at university
      • Run by churches
  • Printing press
    • New inventions
      • Art
        • Became more realistic
      • Trade
      • operating theatres
        • observe operations
    • Printed books
  • Printed books
  • Met artists, dissecting bodies
  • Discovered how blood circulated the body
    • William Harvey
      • Through lots of disections
      • Also challenged Galens ideas
        • Built upon versalius'
      • However
        • Ideas not respected- like Galens
        • Didnt actually cure anyone
    • Discovered valves
  • Scientists can travel

Comments

adiyatur

thanks this was really helpful 

Charlotte;D

this is great, perfect revision for my mock exam next week!

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »