Medicine through the Ancient Times and the Middle Ages

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  • Medicine through the Ancient and Middle ages
    • Middle Ages
      • Medieval Times
        • The four humours
          • All four must be balanced for you to be healthy
          • Made up of: Yellow Bile, Black Bile, Phlegm and Blood
            • Yellow Bile = Fire
            • Black Bile  = Earth
            • Blood = Air
            • Phlegm = Water
        • The Chaos
          • Medicine regressed
          • Fall of Rome
            • Roman Empire falls into trouble in the 4th century, with invasions by the Visigoths
            • Rome falls mysteriously in the 5th century, leaving fractured kingdoms and tribes
              • Infighting between these tribes hindered medical research as money was poured onto war efforts
                • Some Roman inventions and archetecture destroyed and dmaged in the wars
                • Trade reduced because of the wars, stopping the share of knowledge
              • No centralised goverment
          • Training abandoned
        • Rise of the Church
          • Only way to become a doctor is through the Church
            • Galen's works are controlled by the Church
            • Any medical scriptures not made by Galen are destoryed or hidden
            • Church is the education system as there is no other body that dares challange the ideas of the church
          • Supersition is increased leading to a higher belief in divine and supernatural intervention
        • The cause of disease
          • Miasma
          • God could make you ill
          • Astrology
          • Four Humours
        • Black Death
          • Bled patients
          • Used toads on Buboes
          • Prayers to God
          • Killed 1/10th of Europe
          • 1/3rd of England wiped out
      • Renaissance Era
        • William Harvey
        • Andreas Vesalius
    • Ancient Times
      • Ancient Egypt
        • Believed that the gods were responsible for illness
          • You must have angered a god to have become ill
        • Basic herbal remedies
        • Used the system of hyroglyphics to record medical treatments
        • Organ s removed from the dead. This allowed them to bed studied
      • Ancient Greece
        • Gods are still a major factor
          • Still believed that angering gods would cause you to be ill
          • Gods could also heal the sick
            • Asclepius was the primary god that was worshiped in these cases
        • Treatment
          • Asclepius was the primary god that was worshiped in these cases
          • Herbl remedies
          • Could drain lungs
          • See the Four Humours
          • Exercise advised by the Government
          • Used some antiseptics (without the knowledge of what they were)
        • Hippocrates
          • Developed the theory of the Four Humours (See the Four Humours)
          • The Hippocratic Oath
        • Four Humours was still a new idea, so was very controversial (Ancient Greek Times)
          • The four humours
            • All four must be balanced for you to be healthy
            • Made up of: Yellow Bile, Black Bile, Phlegm and Blood
              • Yellow Bile = Fire
              • Black Bile  = Earth
              • Blood = Air
              • Phlegm = Water
      • Ancient Rome
        • Galen
          • Ideas about the heart and the jaw continued into the 16th century
        • Causes of illness
          • Gods still responsible
          • War
        • Treatments
          • Gods could be appeased
            • Asclepius still given tributes (despite him being a Greek god)
            • Salus the Roman chief god of healing
          • Roman Public Health System
            • Ancient Rome
              • Galen
                • Ideas about the heart and the jaw continued into the 16th century
              • Causes of illness
                • Gods still responsible
                • War
              • Treatments
                • Gods could be appeased
                  • Asclepius still given tributes (despite him being a Greek god)
                  • Salus the Roman chief god of healing
                • Roman Public Health System
                  • Water supply and sewerage
                    • Used Aquaducts to supply fresh water to towns and cities
                    • Sewage system closed and underground
                      • Seven rivers were used to flush the sewers of Rome
                  • Recommended exercise
                  • Roman Baths and Spas
                    • Roman Baths
                      • Cost One Quadran to enter
                        • This made the baths easilly avaliable
                      • Underfloor heating was implemented in a lot of baths
                      • Soap on a stick (Strigis) were used
                    • Roman Spas
                      • More for the elites of society
              • Medicine had to be practical
            • Water supply and sewerage
              • Used Aquaducts to supply fresh water to towns and cities
              • Sewage system closed and underground
                • Seven rivers were used to flush the sewers of Rome
            • Recommended exercise
            • Roman Baths and Spas
              • Roman Baths
                • Cost One Quadran to enter
                  • This made the baths easilly avaliable
                • Underfloor heating was implemented in a lot of baths
                • Soap on a stick (Strigis) were used
              • Roman Spas
                • More for the elites of society
        • Medicine had to be practical
    • NOTE: This mind map is incomplete!

Comments

R.Perkins


Meh... :D

M. Clarke


Meh yourself!

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