Medicine 1900 - Present

  • Created by: ash8642
  • Created on: 27-03-18 19:58
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  • Medicine 1900 - Present
    • Penicillin
      • Penicillin Notatum discovered by Alexander Fleming
        • Published 1929 - 1931
      • Florey + Chain
        • Devised freeze-drying method
        • 1939 -1940
        • Patient died during clinical trial due to running out of penicillin
      • Florey + Chain went to America
        • Britain making bombs
        • Didn't help until December 1941
          • America join the war
      • Britain mass-produce
        • Start in 1943
        • Sufficient by 1944
    • Lung Cancer
      • Caused by smoking
        • Proven link by 1950
        • Increased popularity during WW1
      • 43,000 diagnosed every year
      • Recommended ban by Royal College of Physicians
        • 1971 - Tabacco companies to give health warnings
        • 1962 - Tabacco adverts banned
        • 1965 - Cigarette adverts banned
      • Laws
        • Smoking in a car with an Under 18 forbidden
        • 2015 - Plain packaging
        • Smoking in public places forbidden
          • 2007 - England + Wales
          • 2006 - Scotland
      • Diagnosing
        • Chest X-Ray
        • CT Scan
        • Bronchoscopy
      • Treatment
        • Surgery
        • Radiotherapy
        • Chemotherapy
    • NHS
      • 1911 - National Insurance Act
      • Early 1900s - Healthcare severely limited
      • 1942 - Beveridge Report
      • Founded 1948
      • Bevan stated it should be free at point of use
      • Doctors could be private as well
        • 1948 - 1973: amount of doctors doubled
      • Range of services
      • Increased access
      • Problems
        • 1980 - Black Report
        • 1990s - Long waiting times
        • 2000 - NHS Plan
    • Treatment
      • 1990s - Targetted therapy
      • Magic Bullets
      • Checked by Hata that 606 worked
        • Salvarsan 606
      • Search for arsenic compound
        • Target without poisoning body
      • 1905 - Bacterium that caused syphilis identified
      • 1932 - Domagk
        • Turned bright red but okay
        • Tried in 1935
          • Daughter had prontosil
        • Mass produced
        • Serious side-effect
          • Damage kidneys and liver
    • Surgery
      • 1900 - Landsteiner discovers blood groups
      • 1914 - Sodium Citrate stopped blood clotting
        • 1917 - Blood bank set up
      • 1946 - British National Blood Transfusion
      • Transplants
        • WW1 - Skin transplant
        • 1967 - Heart translant
        • 1st kidney transplant
        • Problems
          • Rejection
          • 1970s - immunosuppressents discovered
      • 1980s - Key Hole surgery
      • Endoscope
      • 1985 (common by 2000) - Robot-Assisted Surgery
    • Government's Role
      • Campaigns
        • 1952 - Great Smog
        • 2004 - Drinkaware
        • 2007 - Change 4 Life
      • Lifestyles
        • Smoking
        • Obesity
        • Drinking
        • UV Radiation
      • NHS to vaccinate child by 1st birthday
      • 1940 - Target through schools
      • Several vaccination programmes by 1900

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ash8642

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very nice my dude

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