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  • Created by: Francesca
  • Created on: 08-04-14 15:22
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  • Mariana
    • Form
      • Literary Source Material - Mariana originally a character in Shakespeare's Measure for Measure - evident through the epigraph
        • A woman is deserted by her lover Angelo
          • No sense that Tennyson's Mariana will be reunited with her lover as she is in Shakespeare's play
            • Or as some critics would suggest, that she would necessarily wish it
      • To comment on the confinement and entrapment many women in Victorian Society felt and to highlight the importance of purity and chastity
    • Verse Form
      • seven 12-line stanzas - each divided into 3 4-line rhyme units
        • containment in the verse form itself - central quatrain is contained by the 1st and 3rd
          • evokes the static nature of Mariana's existence
      • Refrain - bewitching chant-like
        • Mariana locked in a state if perpetual, introverted brooding (unchanging, withdrawn, deep in thought)
      • Iambic tetrameter (except 10th and 12th lines)
        • Unvarying pattern of rhyme and rhythm (8 syllables per line)
          • Incantatory quality to verse - caught under an enchantment spell
          • insistent, repetitive rhyme and sound patterning - sense of heavy monotony - Mariana is "without hope of change"
    • Point of View
      • third person
        • everything presented from Mariana's perspective
        • Distance Mariana and suggest her disassociation from society
      • refrain - presents voice of Mariana speaking to reader directly
        • draws us closer to character
        • Intensifies our sense of her frustation and depression as she repeats same feelings of disappointment and despair
        • Use of additional syllables, weak syllables which trail over the end of lines suggest Mariana's endless misery "weary" "dreary"
    • Structure
      • every stanza - 1st 8 lines describe Mariana or her surroundings and final quotation expresses her sentiments
        • Lack of plot and development - monotony and lack of hope


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